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I 





HIGH BRED SEEDS 

Of pedigreed strains of standard native varieties, continuously bred-up 
in the climate in which they are to be grown, are 

FIRST AIDS TO BIGGER CROPS 



Tills seal atuF label certif; 
this sack contains freshly imj 
seeds directly descended from i 
high yielding selection fror 
multiplying 'seed blocks. 

FERGUSON v SEED FAS 
Sherman, 

V 


^TmNGLESSGUARANlii 


V Jl) factoryto^You 5 ® satis ~ 

^ Setyour monevh°/, you 

J S>V cas S U w«h™?d d seet &are 
[ delivered fJ°E der ’ sac kef 

5 ? 

»Je wo exercise grea t « days - 

all our seeds il l Care to 
and reliable irPfiCf’ true to 
> y iou s reasons wTL Way ? 

»eds, SatioVot a rr ' laI 
not assume 


SSTtSSS^^- 

°y carriers. 

liberal as 
expected, 
that you 
tje seeds 
are not 
do not “feel 

satisf actio 7 s - 

condition.) 
SouT-.S'.^d- 
Bjf® asked. - 
sufficient? 113,1 

Isn’t this fair? 


° r 

.gtisfactory, brVyo*f , 
about 1 
d t„ pr I“p“y h r r / 

( 

On return of the 
dSnifmoney 

You? juZ.gUes- 
and you J r d fS“nt 


THIS • TAG • IS 
SEALED • ON 
EVERY* BAG 


To get these bigger crops you must have the 
seeds to fit the above description. It is our special 
business to breed-up seeds that fit the South- 
western climate under this comprehensive defini- 
tion. Every bag of our seed corn, cotton seed 
and Ferguson No. 71 Oats bears seal and certifi- 
cate to this effect: 


This seal and certificate protects you from un- 
certainty and fraud. It is our guarantee to you 
that we have been on the job more than thirteen 
years, each year doing the following specific things 
to make “bigger crops” a possibility. 


Doing The Work 


Investigation 


1. Finding out the best varieties by actually testing 
them in our trial grounds, watching the reports of the Ex- 
periment Stations and gauging the general observations 
and experiences of farmers throughout the Southwest. 

2. Finding out the better strains of these high-yielding 
standard varieties by growing them side by each. 


3. Improving these better strains of these better 
varieties by plant-to-row tests — doing this painstaking 
and valuable work each and every season. This is the 
work that mak s our seeds yield bigger crops. 

Supplying Seeds To You 

4. We are growing seeds of these highly improved 
strains of these standard varieties. 

5. We are preparing the seeds from these specially 
grown fields, assuming the responsibility for the success of 
every important step in the selection of the variety, select- 
ing the best strain in the variety, improving their good 
strains, as well as growing and preparing the seeds — all 
under our supervision, with practically trained specialists 
it charge of every step. 

But Let Us Reason Together 

With all this care our seeds are not yet perfect; they 
are “high bred,” but not absolutely “pure bred.” We 
are not promising you more than Old Mother Nature 
gives to us. In your fields, just the same as in ours 
along with your better yields and better average quality, 
you will get your share of runts, sports, throw-backs, 
reversions, etc. There’s a runt in every litter of even 
thoroughbred pigs; so in seeds. 

When You Buy Our Seeds we want you to “feel,” as 
well as to believe, that your money is wisely invested in 
seeds that are well bred and honestly described. Of our 
sincerity in this we ask you to judge after reading our 
Stringless Guarantee. 





SEED 

BREEDERS 






SEED 

GROWERS 


How New Strains of Standard Varieties 
Get a GOOD Pedigree 


First: By planting choice selections of one 

ear, one head, one stalk, etc., to a row in breeding 
blocks, we learn which ears, etc., have the best 
yielding qualities. Selections showing up better 
than others grown under like conditions of soil, 
seeding, cultivation, season, etc., are proven to be 
Champion Strains. 

Second: Champion Quality must be proven 

by accurate tests and the results measured by scales 
and tapes. Guess work is eliminated. 

Third: Usually 100 of the choicest ears are 
athered from rows whose Champion Quality has 
een proven by actual scientific tests. These, in 
turn, are planted in the following year in a similar 
seed breeding block, and on and on, from year to 
year. 


Fourth: Champion Strains (in the case of corn) 

are further improved by cross pollination from ears 
of other Champion Strains of the same variety. 
Again the best score-card ears are selected from the 
Champion Strains in the breeding blocks, and so 
on from season to season. 

Thus it is that seed of good, recognized Stand- 
ard Varieties are made better and better; improved 
and re-improved year after year. And it is from 
seed thus developed that we secure seeds to grow 
our multiplying blocks, and from these in turn seed 
to grow our increase fields to supply bred-up, 
pedigreed seeds for our customers. 

Such are Our Methods for getting good seeds 
with a good pedigree that produce good crops. 
Here is a chart showing the history of the seed corn 
we ship to you: 


Confm ibu9 ly from 
19 05 fo 1914 


19 1? 


1916 


BREEDING BLOCK 
lOO ROU^S FROM 
lOO CHAMPION EARS 


: vt, 



10 O First choice 
Q-zfs from high- 
est yielding 
progeny rows 
Cross pollinated. 



lOO First choice 
oafs from 1915 
breeding’ 

& ■ ■■ ■■■ » 



lOO 
first 
choice 
from 
1916 br- 


Champion strains from 

VI 

Champion strains from 

V 

highest yielding progeny rows 

highest yielding progeny rows 

Cross pollinated Seed? J6f 

. 

\ Cross pollinated Seeds for 


1915 multiplying stock 


1.1916 multiplying ^fock 

% 


Champion 
Progeny ro\ 

Seeds fof- 

1 9 1 7i* 


1915 


1916 



' 'MULTIPLYING BLOCK'S 
LARGER BLOCKS FOR 
RE-TESTING AND INCR- 
EASING CHAMPION STRAINS 
FROM BREEDING BLOCK 


/ -MULTIPLYING BLOCK °N 
LARGER BLOCKS FOR 
RE-TESTING AND INCR- 
EASING CHAMPION STRAINS 
FROM BREEDING BLOCK 

mm 


Wiimvm 


•hel. 
■'.Texas. 

, 4 r kps e**-*"" : 


Seeds for 1916 general field, 
best eafs from best stalks 
Cross pollinated eafs from 
champion strains 

is Steal and C©rfificafe 
atte placed on all ouf 
special hi$h Bited seeds. 
They atb a positive 
guarantee ©F Well'Bfed 
Good Sood of the host 
Varieties for the Southwest 



SEED 

BREEDERS 


■ 



SEED 

GROWERS 


The Idea and the Ideals Behind 

The Ferguson Seed Farms 


A Personal Word From the 
Manager 

Fourteen years ago. the idea and the ideal of 
the Ferguson Seed Farms were born. These and 
a little hope and determination represented the entire 

capital stock. The 
idea is given with 
scientific exactness 
at the top of the 
inside cover page. 
The climate of the 
four Southwestern 
States is the field 
of our operations. 
Sherman was se- 
lected as the logi- 
cal crop center for 
breeding up and 
growing seeds for 
the Southwestern 
climate. 

The work was 
promptly begun, 
being supported 
by savings from a 
school teacher’s 
salary. Later a 
seed business was 
started in a small 
way. 

Five years af- 
terwards an ap- 
plication for a bank loan of $150.00 was refused. 
Our idea and ideal were alright, but the business 
hung up until other arrangements were made. * * * 
I had heard that “everlastingly keeping at it brings 
success.” 



A. M. FERGUSON, 

President, 

In Charge of Seed Breeding. 


I am NOT now connected in any way 
with the “Texas Seed Breeding Farms” 

and have not been for many years. I repeat 
this, because many persons have overlooked 
the previous announcements. Please ad- 
dress your letters to the 

FERGUSON SEED FARMS 

Sherman, Texas. 


Mottoes are tonics to the soul. In an hour 
when Despair was whispering around I posted this 
up on my desk: 

||il!IIIEEIillIillI!IIIiII!II!!IIi!I)!iIllIIIIII!Iilllll!IIIUIIIIIIIIIIIiyiIIIIII!IEIUIIIIUIIIl!!!IIIIIIIIIllllIIIIIUIIllllliy! 

| “OPPORTUNITY” 

H They do me wrong who say I come no more, §§ 
§§ When once I knock and fail to find you in, s 
H For every ’morn I stand outside your door H 
M And bid you wake and rise to fight and win. ( 


Today all three — the idea , the work and the 
business — are well known and substantially recog- 
nized as standing for “something” that concerns 
the Southwest. The business has a liberal invest- 
ment in equipment and controls the output of several 
thousand acres of well-bred corn, cotton and small 
grains. Possibly they are not as good as they 
“ought to be,” but they are “better than they used 
to be.” 

The results of our seed breeding work have also 
been widely recognized. Three varieties of corn 
and improved strains of two varieties of cotton have 
been recognized and recommended to Southwestern 
farmers as “Standard High Yielders” by the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture, the Agricultural Ex- 
periment Stations in three Southwestern States 
and the Field Crops Associations in these three 
states. Thousands of farmers plant the varieties 
which we developed, named and introduced and 
they are now listed in the catalogs of the big seed 
merchants. 

We never lost sight of our ideal of good seed- 
manship, not even in the periods of disappointments 
and hard times. In this period of prosperity, con- 
fidence and general good will, we renew our pledges 
to carry forward this work according to the knowl- 
edge and faith that is within us. 

The Ferguson Seed Farms is no longer an 
individual affair. The stock is largely owned by 
its permanent employees who have so faithfully 
co-operated in making our idea and ideals a practical 
business success, and a few representative business 
men in Grayson county — all are partners in the 
business. 

When you come to Sherman call and let us 
show you the farms and the seed breeding work in 
progress. Incidentally you may find out that 
ours is the only bona fide “seed breeding farm” 
at Sherman. 

Yours for Honest Seed Service, 






~ 0 

In Charge of Seed Breeding. 


2 


SEED 

BREEDERS 




SEED 

GROWERS 


Method vs. Chance — Result vs. Opinion 

Test vs. Guess 


Breeding-up field seeds is one means of in- 
creasing the prosperity of every farm home. 

How to breed-up corn, cotton and grain, and 
to actually know what has been accomplished when 
we have been trying — here is where we need to 
apply method or system and to use tests to measure 
results — And also to forget about chance, guess work 
and opinions not based on definite facts. 

Good carpenters do not saw costly boards by 
guess. Bricklayers use plumb-lines rather than 
their “eyes” to be sure their walls are plumb, etc. 
WHY should farmers trust to mere off hand opinion 
and chance in supplying seeds for their crops? 

Many farmers — a great many farmers — select 
the seeds on which they are to spend a season’s 
work and opportunity by chance from what is con- 
venient, guess at their goodness and never consider 
the results of the tests made by the Experiment 
Stations. 

The Best Is None Too Good 

Others may consider the results of practical 
experience and also the reports from the Experiment 
Stations and buy the seeds having the names of 
good varieties but do not definitely inquire to 
ascertain if they are getting a proven high yielding 
strain of these good varieties. 

Information Makes Work Turn 
to Sure Money 

To illustrate this point we recall experiment 
station tests of two undoubtedly well-bred strains 
of Mebane Triumph Cotton. One was ours. The 
other was from the most widely known breeder 
and grower of the variety. At the San Antonio 
Experiment Farm our strain yielded 40 pounds 
more per acre, and at the North Louisiana Experi- 
ment Station it yielded 263 pounds more per acre. 
Here are advantages that at present prices would 
mean $2.50 to $15.00 per acre net gain. And, too, 
bear in mind, this is the difference between two 
well-bred strains — not between the best and a 
common mongrel strain. 

How did it “happen” that our strain was uni- 
formly the best yielder? 

Here’s the Answer: 

Every year we select 75 to 100 of the most 
promising stalks from strains of Mebane Triumph 
Cotton known to be high yielders. We determine 
their yielding power, not by mere appearance, but 


with scales to measure the crops, and tape-lines to 
measure the land, we actually measure their wealth- 
producing power. Nothing is left to chance or 
guess. We are guided by definite results, proved by 
. scientific tests. Only the proven most profitable 
yielders are saved for propagating our seed supply. 
All our seeds descend from these high yielding 
strains. 

That is why our seeds have invariably made the 
high yields in Experiment Station tests. This is 
why it will pay you to plant our seeds. 

But the Cost 

Cost is not a safe index of quality. In the 
case of the MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton referred 
to above, the low yielding seed actually sold for 
more money than ours. But suppose our certified, 
pedigreed seeds do cost fifty cents or a dollar more per 
bushel, above even ordinarily good seeds. This 
would only add 12c to 50c an acre. A few more 
pounds of corn, or of cotton will pay this. Above 
this the extra yield will be clear profit. 

The Rule of Safety 

Cut out guesswork. Invest your money in 
seeds showing superior results secured from tests 
made by scientific methods and it will be a very 
profitable investment. It is perfectly obvious that 
such seeds will cost a little more than the common 
kind. People who have enough sense to produce 
well-bred seeds usually have enough sense to ask 
you to pay no more than a reasonable return for 
the time, talent and money put into the improve- 
ment of the seeds. 

Certain it is that there are bargain “gold 
bricks” in seeds being sold every day. People who 
are “looking for something better at less money” 
are usually the victims. 



Harvesting a Field Test of Varieties of Corn on 


Ferguson Seed Farms. 


3 



Scientific Methods Get Results 


The explanation of our success is found in our Methods. 

No other Southwestern seedsman , whether he be dealer, merchant or grower, even pretends 
to be BREEDING-UP FIELD SEEDS with the same painstaking care for scientific method 
as has been done for so many years by the Ferguson Seed Farms. 

Our HIGH YIELDING STRAINS are descended from pedigreed selections whose champion 
quality has been proven by tests made with the scales. 

“Good Looks” and “Fancy Points” are also bred into our seeds as the awards at the Corn 
Shows prove. We put the “looks” into the seeds and the Corn Show Judges said “Best.” 

We maintain Seed Breeding Blocks on our farms, growing only pedigreed champion strains. 

The certificate on our bags is assurance to you that the seeds are the descendants of these champion 
strains of proven good varieties. 

Below is the chart prepared by Dr. D. A. Saunders, Plant Breeder, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, showing the yields in bushels and dollars, based on the results of a test of 66 varieties 
of corn made by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and the Texas Experiment Stations. 

We are reproducing this chart because it shows the real money value of well-bred seed corn, 
and further, because these best yields were made by OUR seed of OUR varieties. 

Here’s What Three State Experiment Station Tests Proved 
in Planting Our Bred-up Seeds 


Corn Growers Chart of Yields 

Profits and Yields Per Acre From Single Highest and Single Lowest Yielding Variety 


Tests Were Made — 

At Greenville. 

At Troup. 

At Temple. 

Highest yielding variety 

Ferguson Yellow 43.5 
Learning 11.4 

Chisholm 17.2 
Blow 4.2 

Surcropper 33 . 7 

Blow 7.6 

Lowest yielding variety 

Difference in bushels 

Corn at 70 cents a bushel 

32.1 
$ .70 

13.0 
$ .70 

26.1 
$ .70 

“Gain from good seeds” 

$22.47 

$9.10 

$18 . 27 



Profits and Yields Per Acre From Five Highest and Five Lowest Yielders 


Tests Were Made — 

At Greenville. 

At Troup. 

At Temple. 

Average five highest yielders 

Average five lowest yielders 

Gain in bushels from good seed 

40.6 bu. 
15.9 bu. 

16.9 bu. 
5.9 bu. 

29.2 bu. 
11.8 bu. 

24.7 bu. 
$ .70 

11.0 bu. 
$ .70 

17.4 bu. 
$ .70 

Corn at 70 cents a bushel 

Average gain in dollars from good seed 

$17.29 

$7.70 

$12 . 18 



“Planting a Seed-Breeding Block.” 


4 



The Secrets of Corn Breeding 


What Are the Advantages of Our Certified, 
Pedigreed Seed Corn? 

t 

We are farmers ourselves and grow corn. Our interest in good yields is the same as your interest in 
good yields. Therefore, we ask you to read what we have found out about seed corn. It will help you to 
decide what kind of seed corn will give you the largest yields in your fields. 

If you grow corn in the Southwest you want (or need) seed corn that is a proven good variety. We 
offer you the experience of many farmers, the proof of general opinion and the definite results of Experiment 
Station tests that we are growing only the varieties that have proven to be the most profitable in the 
Southwest. 

Types Tested and Found Wanting — A Process 

of Elimination 


Large Ear and Small Ear Types 

The first variety of corn developed in the 
Southwest by pedigreed ear-to-row breeding was 
Munson. We introduced this variety in 1908-07. 
The second variety that we developed in this way 
was Ferguson’s Gourd Seed. Both of these large 
eared varieties were popular in their day and good 
yielders under favorable conditions. However, 
owing to the large size of their ears and stalks and 
their late maturing habits they have failed to give 
high average yields. For this reason we ceased 
to breed or even to grow them some years ago. 
In the course of our work, we developed other 
sorts that were better yielders and surer yielders 
under average conditions. 

Multiple Ear and Small Ear 
Types 

We also developed Southwestern strains of 
two small multiple-eared or so-called prolific types, 
Mosby Prolific and Coke’s Prolific. Batt’s Prolific 
and Hasting’s Prolific are similar forms. We main- 
tained ear-to-row breeding blocks of these prolific 
later maturing varieties, but after five years’ testing 
we found that they, too, were not among the better 
yielding types. We conducted variety tests with 
these and many other sorts in co-operation with 
the government’s investigators. 


These same variety tests also showed that the 
small eared, early maturing, multiple eared types 
like Hickory King were also inferior yielders in the 
Southwest. 

Northern and Other Foreign 
Varieties 

NORTHERN GROWN CORN was formerly 
thought (by mere “opinion”) to be the best type 
for the Southwest. The “Opinion” was that they 
were “early and would escape the drouth.” The 
facts developed by the long continued tests of the 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, the Arkansas Ex- 
periment Station, the Texas Experiment Station 
and the Field Crops Associations, in these two 
states, all confirm the conclusion we announced 
twelve years ago that 

“ All Northern Grown Corn and even Southern 
Grown Corn of Northern Varieties uniformly yield 
less per acre than common mongrel native strains .” 

The average of many tests positively prove 
that- such varieties as Iowa Gold Mine, Iowa Silver 
Mine, White Pearl, Reid’s Yellow Dent, Golden 
Beauty, Boone County White and many other 
Northern varieties sold by grocery stores, grain 
dealers and merchant seedsmen, yield from 10 to 
25 bushels per acre less than the standard varieties 
recognized by the Field Crops Associations in the 
Southwest. 


An Old Customer Comes Back 
With an Interesting Story. 

“In answer to yours of recent date 
will say that in 1913 and 1914 I 
planted seed corn bought of you and 
was very much pleased with same, 
and the year 1915 1 planted Ferguson 
Yellow Dent seed corn bought of 

at Sherman and same was 

very unsatisfactory. Will pay the 
difference in price and plant your 
seeds in the future.’’ — A. C. Egg, 
Jackson County, Texas. 



Picture shows effect of cross-pollination and self-pollination 
on the yield and quality of corn. We save cross-pollination seed 
from our breeding blocks and multiplying blocks. — Photo U. S. 
Department of Agriculture. 


5 


Three Native Varieties Proved 



Ear and Man 
Both “Grinning.” 



Ear Shoulder High. One 
of the “Higher-Ups.” 


Best for the Southwest 

During the last ten years we have tested nearly every variety of corn 
that has been grown by Southwestern farmers. As a result of all the infor- 
mation before us, we are growing only three varieties of corn. “Why 
just three?” you ask. The answer is “Why more?” Are there any others 
that have proven to be any better or even just as good? The definite 
information at hand answers “No.” As a measure of “The reason for the 
faith that is within us” consider this record of our seed of our three varieties. 

Wouldn’t you, too, be content to continue growing just three varieties 
showing such good results? 


Just Look at These Consistent Records 


Make Your Own Explanation of Results Like These. 
There’s a Reason! 


1. During the last eight years 
the Texas Field Crops Association 
has annually made yield or utility 
tests of about one hundred samples 
of seed corn in various parts of the 
state. In every test and in every 'part 
of the state our varieties have been 
in the list of “Best Yielders.” They 
have usually been THE BEST. (See 
chart on page 4.) 

In the 1914 tests, the first and 
second best yielders were our va- 
rieties. We won the Corn Growers’ 
“Utility Cup” and Ham Fleming 
won the “Ferguson Good Seed 
Trophy.” 

2. At the State Experiment Sta- 
tion tests at Denton, College Station 
and Troup, our seed corn made the 
highest average yields in 1912, 1913, 
1914, 1915 and 1916. Similar records 
have been made in Experiment Sta- 
tion tests at Temple and Nacog- 
doches. 


3. Also “good luck” (?) has won 
the same honors for our seeds during 
the past eight years in the tests 
made by the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture at San Antonio, Tyler, 
Greenville, Sherman, Waco and 
other places. Satisfy yourself about 
the reason for this. Was it good luck 
or good breeding that made such 
consistent records possible? 

_ 4. Likewise in Arkansas, par- 
ticularly for Central and Southern 
Arkansas, Experiment Station tests 
show that our three varieties are 
among the Best Yielders - for that 
state. These tests were made during 
the last seven years. 

5. In Oklahoma, the Experiment 
Station has not published the results 
of its tests of seed corn, but our 
varieties are just as popular with the 
farmers in that state as they are 
elsewhere. Some of our breeding- 
blocks and seed fields are in Okla- 
homa. Sherman is only 14 miles 
south of the Red River. 


CHISHOLM, SURCROPPER AND 
FERGUSON YELLOW DENT 

The three varieties which have made such wonderful records are all 
developments from, and improvements upon, Native Southwestern varieties. 
By long years of testing, we have located the low yielding types and varieties 
and discarded them. At the same time we found the best foundation types 
and have improved them. We have developed a number of varieties, but 
now grow only three varieties — the three best. They are varieties that get 
results in the Southwest. They are the varieties you should plant to fill 
your cribs. Plant the bred-up, high yielding, wealth-producing strains. 
Plant Certified, Pedigreed Seed of Chisholm, Surcropper and Ferguson 
Yellow Dent. 


As to the Truthfulness of Claims: You are at liberty to dis- 
* count any claims we make if they are not backed up by reports from 
old customers or scientifically established results from the Agri- 
cultural Experiment Stations. 


fi 




Breeding- Up Seed Corn 

Better Yields — Better Stalks — Better Ears 

Improving Stalk Characters. — We do not grow com for stalks, yet we give just as much attention to 
developing good stalk characters as we do to developing good ear quality. Every year all the seed for our 
breeding blocks and special stock seed blocks is selected in the field. But, why select corn in the field? 

CRIB SELECTING vs. FIELD SELECTING 

By selecting seed corn from the stalks in the field, we know more about the characters of the stalk than 
if we merely selected good ears from the crib. This feature alone adds an extra value to our seed corn 
that will many times pay for the cost of the certified seeds. This work gives many advantages. 


The Advantages are Many 


“A Good Ear 
in the right 
Attitude.” 


(a) Ears from stalks that stand up, 
produce sounder corn. We never 
select our seed ears from stalks that 
are broken over or blown down. 
The stalks must be stout enough to 
not break over and must have roots 
enough to keep them erect. By 
continuing this selecting year afte r 
year we have greatly improved the_ 
tendency of the stalks to stand up 
against wind and blowing rains, thus 
reducing storm damage. This often 
means a saving of several bushels to 
the acre. 

(b) Ears that hang down when 
matured are never weather stained or 
rotten at the butts like ears that stand 
up and catch the rain. This is a char- 
acter that varies widely from season 
to season, but our persistent selecting 
reduces the damage that occurs in 
wet summers. If it saves 50 ears to 
the acre, it more than pays for the 
cost of the seed. 


(c) Ears with shucks well closed at the tips are less 
likely to be attacked by weevils, birds, squirrels, 
or rats in the field. In our Southern climate they 
keep better in the crib. 

(d) Stalks with ears at medium height are less 
likely to fall over than when they are high up. 
They are also usually better ears. 

(e) Crib selection of seed ears is likely to result 

in the selection of ears that are large and well 
matured merely because they have been favored in the 
field by extra space, or rich spots. Such ears are 
probably inferior in natural producing power io good 
ears produced under normal field 
conditions . Again by selecting 

seed corn in the crib we run a 
chance of getting a good ear that 
came from a stalk that was (1 ) 

Down or, (2) Broken over, or a 
stalk that had the (3) ear too 
high, (4) standing erect on the 
stalk, (5) not closed over at the 
tip to protect from weevils, etc., 
all these chances against one that 
we will get an ear from a stalk 
with good characters. 


Putting Quality Into the Ears 

Our seed corn produces winners at the corn shows. We still believe in the use 
of the score card, not only at the corn shows, but also on the farms where good corn 
should be grown. No better proof of our attention to developing good ear characters 
can be offered than the frequent premiums given to parties who grow our varieties. 

Corn grown from our seeds has captured most of the sweepstakes and first prizes 
in the local and state corn shows. 

Go To Any County or State Corn Show 

In the Southwest and you will find prize-winning exhibits of CHISHOLM and FERGU- . „ 

SON YELLOW DENT. SURCROPPER does not “shine” at the shows. But my! ‘‘st^dm^Out* 
how it wins out in the field-tests of yielding power. Bold and Bad;” 



7 



The Ferguson Good Seed Trophy 



Ham Fleming, Winner 1914 


Ham Fleming, mayor of 
Victoria, Texas, is also a pro- 
gressive farmer, growing a 
large acreage of corn for feed. 

He buys Ferguson’s seeds 
every year, notwithstanding 
the fact that he has seed from 
his fields that won the FERGU- 
SON GOOD SEED TROPHY 
for best yield in 1914. 

He knows us and the quality 
of our seeds. Mr. Fleming is 
just like hundreds of others 
who come back tc us every year 
or so to get our most recently 
improved seeds. 



Awarded annually to the farmer 
entering the HIGHEST YIELDING 
selection in the contests conducted 
by the Texas Field Crops Association. 


Surcropper — Chisholm 

or 

Ferguson Yellow Dent 



Gates Thomas, Winner 1915 

Prof. Thomas teaches Eng- 
lish in the Normal College at 
San Marcos, but he is also a 
real farmer “on the side.’* He, 
too, is “out for a pointer’’ at 
any time when he selects seed 
for his farm. 

He insists that it costs no 
more to cultivate well-bred 
seed than the scrub kind. He 
keeps books on his farm too, 
and he can “show the figures” 
that have made him a regular 
customer of the Ferguson Seed 
Farms. 


The Ferguson Good Seed Trophy is a magnificent punch bowl of about ten gallons capacity. It is 
awarded annually by the Texas Field Crops Association to the farmer growing the Highest Yielding selection 
of seed corn from either SURCROPPER, CHISHOLM or FERGUSON YELLOW DENT Corn. 

Every grower of any one of these three varieties is urged to contest for it. All that is necessary is to 
send 10 of your best ears to the Texas Corn Show, held in January of each year. For information about 
contests for this Trophy see the catalog of the Texas Field Crops Association issued annually. Write to 
Prof. D. A. Saunders, Secretary, Texas Field Crops Association, Greenville, Texas. 



Grand Champion Sweepstakes, 10 ears in 
Texas Crop Show, 1916. FERGUSON YELLOW 
DENT grown from our seed by Mr. A. Wicker. 

This Man Remembers the Crop, but has For- 
gotten the Price. — “In 1914 I ordered 1 bushel of FER- 
GUSON YELLOW DENT corn and made 40 bushels to 
the acre while other corn did not make anything. I 
think it is the best corn grown for this country. I will 
try it and your SURCROPPER both this year and give 
results later.’’— Jno. H. Simmons, R. No. 3, Delta county, 
Texas. 

An Early Pioneer Says “Best Corn I Ever Raised.” 

—“Your FERGUSON YELLOW DENT corn last season 
was the largest, heaviest, best corn I ever raised. I am 
66 years old and living in the house in which I was born. 
Can cheerfully recommend it to all who want the best 
corn.” — J. Taylor Allen, Fannin county, Texas. 


Champion Sweepstakes, 10 ears White Corn, 
Texas Crop Show, 1916. CHISHOLM, grown 
by Gates Thomas. 


If you want to fill your cribs with Corn 
good enough to be Champion Sweepstakes 
Prize Winner get seed from 

FERGUSON SEED FARMS 


8 




Ill SEED 

II GROWERS 



Will It Pay To Buy Freshly 

Improved Seeds Every Year? 


This is a question we are often asked to answer. 

On the theory that we are breeding our seeds 
up every year and that in the hands of our growers 
they are running down every year, it would seem 
wise. Mere crib selecting is not going to “keep 
the seed up.” 


But Here Are the Facts 

of a test that tell you How Much you would 
gain by using our freshly bred-up seeds every year. 

The facts were developed in this way: Gates 

Thomas won the Ferguson Good Seed Trophy for 
1914 by supplying the best yielding selection of 
CHISHOLM corn The tests cn which the award 
was given were made by the Texas Experiment 
Stations at Temple and Nacogdoches, and by the 
U. S. Department of Agriculture at San Antonio 
and Greenville. 

Mr. Thomas had secured his seed from us two 
years previous. It so happened that freshly im- 
proved pedigreed seed of our CHISHOLM was 
also in these same tests. 

The freshly improved seed from our fields out- 
yielded the second year seed from Mr. Thomas in 
all four tests with an average gain of 4 Ve bushels 
per acre. 


Pleased AH Who Saw It. — “The seed corn bought 
of you was perfectly satisfactory. The prettiest that I 
ever saw and brought very favorable comment from all 
who saw it.” — Geo. Hogge, Ellis county, Texas. 

His Neighbors Said “Best Corn in Jactaon 

County.” — “I am well pleased with your FERGUSON 
YELLOW DENT corn. It made good corn, in fact 
better than any of my neighbors and not any rain whatever 
while it was making. My family physician said it was 
the best corn that he had seen in this country. Others 
said the same thing.” — J. L. York, Jackson county, Texas 

Made 60 Bushels to the Acre and Won Several 
Premiums.— “The FERGUSON YELLOW DENT corn 
I got from you last year was good. I made 60 bushels 
to the acre and won several premiums and sold all the seed 
I had at $3.00 per bushel.” — J. E. Keyworth, Ellis county, 
Texas. 

This man is making money by using Ferguson’s 
Seeds. — “I have been planting your improved seed for 
three or four years with good results. Now I want to 
try your FERGUSON No. 71 OATS on a small scale. I 
have one and a half acres fenced to itself. I sowed in 
wheat two years ago, turned that under the 20th of May, 
planted to FERGUSON’S MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton 
the 10th of June and made one and a half bales of cotton. 
This year I have sowed it to FERGUSON YELLOW 
DENT corn and peas. Best corn in eight years. Next 
year I want to make 100 bushels of FERGUSON No. 71 
OATS.” — M. H. Nichols, Montague County, Texas. 


Make the Calculations 
Y ourself 

Therefore, if a bushel of corn plants 8 acres, 
then the gain from one bushel of freshly bred-up 
seed is worth 8 times 4 Vs bushels, or an extra 
gain of 33 3 / 6 bushels from one bushel of freshly 
bred-up seed. 

A similar result occured the year previous 
when Ham Fleming, mayor of Victoria, won the 
Ferguson Good Seed Trophy on FERGUSON 
YELLOW DENT corn. 

Yes, there is nothing that pays so well as 
freshly bred-up seeds of established good yielding 
varieties. But to be reasonably sure of the results 
in your crops, you must be just as reasonably sure 
of the source of the seed. 


Germination Tests 

are very important for Northern corn, but Southern 
corn free from weevils will usually give very high 
germination records. However, we test our corn. 
We do not guess. The record rarely falls below 
95% to 98%. And yet we do not guarantee a 
stand in the fields. We have no control over 
temperature, rainfall or tillage. See what we say 
about testing the germination in our Stringless 
Guarantee on page 1. 



Weighing up the yields from the progenies in a 
SURCROPPER corn breeding block on the Ferguson 
Seed Farms. This is one method of adding quan- 
tity to quality in breeding-up seed corn to make 
good yields, and to eliminate the uncertainties of 
opinion in the work of making good seeds into better 
ones. 


9 





Tfee Ears of Ferguson Yellow Dent ~re 7 to 10 incites long, with large, hroad, 
deep, golden-yellow grains. 


Of the thirty or more varieties of yellow corn 
grown in the Southwest, FERGUSON YELLOW 
DENT is undoubtedly the best and the most 
popular with progressive corn growers. This 


statement need not be accepted on our “say so.” 
Judge it by its record. Name another variety if 
you can, that will reasonably compare with it. 


HERE ARE THE FACTS THAT CONVINCE 


The Texas Field Crops Association recognizes 
and recommends FERGUSON YELLOW DENT 
for general planting. This recommendation is 
based on nine years’ field tests where this variety 
has^ been grown, in competition with all other 
varieties. These tests have been made at Green- 
ville, . Waco, Sherman, Temple, College Station, 
Austin, New Braunfels, San Antonio, Kerrville, 
Victoria and other points. 

The Arkansas Crop Improvement Association 
has similarly recognized this variety. Their recom- 
mendation is based on the numerous variety-tests 
made by the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment 
Station, covering many years and in all parts of 
the state. 

It has won position in the variety tests in 
Northern and Central Louisiana several years in 
succession. No authoritative tests have been re- 
ported for Oklahoma, but the breeding blocks in 
which we have developed this variety have been 
grown in North Texas and Southern Oklahoma. 
The seed we send you, will be abundant evidence 
that it does as well in Oklahoma as it does elsewhere. 

The Corn Growers Utility Cup for 1914, 
awarded for “Best Yielding Seed Corn” was given 
to us over 65 other contestants. This magnificent 
trophy was awarded in practical field tests, con- 
ducted by the Texas Field Crops Association, in 
co-operation with the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture and the Texas Experiment Stations at San 
Antonio, Temple, Troup and Greenville. 


It has probably won more Corn Show Prizes 
than all other Southwestern yellow varieties com- 
bined. The records of premiums won at State, 
District and County Corn Shows are too numerous 
to mention. It has been the Grand Champion 
Sweepstake corn in the Texas Field Crops Shows 
several times. 

MATURITY AND ADAPTABILITY. 

It is a medium early variety, usually maturing 
from 120 to 130 days from planting. The ears are 
blocky and well shaped, usually 7 to 10 inches long 
and about the same in circumference. We are 
breeding to a standard of 14 to 16 rows of broad, 
deep, shiny, golden yellow grains. They always 
please. The ears usually shell out 84 to 88% 
grain. The legal standard calls for only 80 % grain. 

It has proven its adaptability to a wide range 
of climates, soils and seasons. It is a high yielder 
on uplands and produces magnificent results on 
bottom lands. It produces abundant yields of 
fine, heavy corn in Northern Oklahoma, Eastern 
Arkansas and Mississippi, and is a sure, safe corn 
throughout the corn belt in Texas. 

With a long list of first and sweepstakes prizes 
from the Corn Shows, and such consistent records 
for highest field yields, there is abundant justifica- 
tion for the assertion, “It is the Best Yellow Corn 
for the Southwest.” Nothing equals it for pro- 
ducing quality, bushels or dollars. 




seed! 

breeders! 




"seed l \ 

GROVVERSllllllill 


Ferguson Yellow 
Dent 

A Prize Winner 

“Won first prize in 
1913 at the Parker 
County Fair on my 
FERGUSON YEL- 
LOW DENT corn, 
seed purchased of you. 
My daughter won 
second prize ($10.00) 
at the Dallas Fair this 
year, 1914, and a free 
trip to the Fair. Sold 
15 bushels for seed last 
spring at $2.00 per 
bushel. I think it is 
the corn for this coun- 
try. I may try some 
of your SURCROP- 
PER next year.” — L. 
E. Neal, Parker coun- 
ty, Texas. 



Made 20 Bushels 
More Than Com- 
mon Corn 

“FERGUSON YEL- 
LOW DENT corn pur- 
chased from jmu this 
spring made about 30 
bushels per acre where 
the corn I have been 
planting for years made 
about 5 to 10 bushels 
to the acre. 

I think your LONE 
STAR cotton is fine. 
Will plant my entire 
crop to it next year. 
It is all and more than 
you recommend it to 
be. I want some more 
cotton seed and corn 
in the spring.” — W. M. 
Ashley, Lamar county, 
Texas. 


These Grains of Ferguson Yellow Dent Are 
Actual Size — Large Grains — Large Germs. 


Prices 


Hand selected, shelled, sacked. 


Per peck $1.00 

1 to 5 bu., per S»u 3.50 

6 to 12 bu., per fosi . 3.25 

14 to 25 bu., per bu 3.00 


Extra Select Ears on Cob. Not 
show ears, nor ears of extra size 
or finish, but extra good seed, 
$5.00 per bushel. 


Extra Special Pedigreed Seed. 
From special seed blocks, shelled 
$5.00 per bushel. Only a little to 
spare. 


Pro&t By the Experience ©f Others. — Our am- 
bition is not to sell the most but only the best varieties 
for the Southwest. We do not promise perfect samples, 
but we can satisfy any reasonable man. In proof of our 
ability to produce farm seeds that will “make more to 
the acre,” we refer you to the extracts from letters of 
our customers. 


Better Than Ordinary Success. — FERGUSON 
YELLOW DENT corn made 51 § bushels to the acre on 
five foot rows. Mebane Triumph cotton made 4 bales 
on 4 acres. — D. N. Davis, Franklin county, Texas. 

Short, But to the Point.— FERGUSON YELLOW 
DENT corn is fine. It is a heavy yielder and stands drouth 
well. — T. P. Palmer, Upshur county, Texas. 



Chisholm Corn Breeding Block. The difference in yields of the different strains 
is measured by scales. Seed is saved only from the heavier producers. 


THE ABOVE 
RESULTS 

would be prac- 
tically the same 
if the crop were 
cotton, oats or 
wheat. Be hon- 
est, frank and 
intelligent with 
yourself. Are 
you using fresh- 
1 y improved 
seeds for your 
own crops? 
Figure your 
losses if you 
are not. 



I! 


SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 

GROWERS 


CHISHOLM CORN 



“Field Selected Ears from De-tasseled Stalks in a CHISHOLM Corn Breeding Block” 


Experiment Station Tests Show This to be the Best 
Medium Early Corn for the Southwest 


CHISHOLM is one of the two varieties of 
White Corn, recognized as a “Standard, High- 
Yielding Variety” by the Field Crops Association 
in Texas. It is also classed in the same way by 
similar associations in Oklahoma and Arkansas. 

REMEMBER: We sell no seeds that we can- 
not honestly, and in good faith, recommend for the 
best interests of our customers. We recommend 
CHISHOLM as a safe, white corn for general 
purposes, the best there is in its class. 

HISTORY OF CHISHOLM CORN. This 
popular native white variety of corn was developed 
as well as named and introduced by A. M. Fer- 
guson. He has bred it up to a high degree of ex- 
cellence since it was first introduced. It belongs to 
a type of red-cob white corn that is widely dis- 
tributed. 

The present high-bred, high-yielding strain 
which he named “CHISHOLM” has proven to be 
a much better yielder than the original type or 
any of the similar looking white-grain, red-cob 
varieties often fraudulently sold for Chisholm. 
This statement may be verified by reference to the 
results of variety tests made by the State Ex- 
periment Stations and the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture . in the Southwest. There are Texas 
firms that still continue to import St. Charles 
White corn from Northern Missouri and sell it to 
Southwestern farmers as native grown Chisholm. 
Our “Certified Seeds” protect you from fraud. 


RECORD FOR HIGH YIELDS. It is need- 
less to stop and detail the records of superior yields 
made by this attractive variety of white corn. The 
fact that it has been officially recognized as a 
Standard variety in three states is sufficient. It 
is as widely and popularly known as FERGUSON 
YELLOW DENT and is an equally good yielder. 
It is probably a few days earlier, stands drouth as 
well or possibly better. 

As a milling corn it has no equal. CHISHOLM 
is a very attractive, strictly native-bred variety. 
It is attractive because of its large, sound, creamy- 
white, oily grains, that completely cover a bright- 
red cob. The ears are large sized in favorable 
seasons, but if by chance the season makes them 
small, even the nubbins will show attractive, well- 
matured grains, with a large germ. The ears are 
stocky, not slender, and usually covered over at 
the tips by heavy, coarse shucks that give an ex- 
cellent protection against weevils. 

It is a medium early corn, maturing in 115 to 
125 days. The ears are usually 7 to 9 inches long 
and about the same in circumference. They usually 
have 14 rows of grains, ranging from 12 to 16. rows, 
with 45 to 55 grains to the row. See how big the 
grains are in illustration on the opposite page. 
They show actual size. 

We have good seeds, carefully prepared, giving 
good germination tests. They “Look Good,” 
they ARE good, and they will give GOOD RE- 
SULTS at harvest time. 


12 


SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 

GROWERS 



PRICES. 

Shelled, per peck ....$1.00 

1 to 5 bu., per bu $3.50 

6 to 12 bu., per bu . . .$3 .25 
14 to 25 bu., per bu. .$3.00 


CORN ON COB. 

Extra selected ears; not show 
ears, nor ears of extra size or 
finish, but extra good seed, 

per bu ....$5.00 

Prom special breeding blocks, 
shelled, per bu. None to spare 
this year $5.00 


We Need a Seed Law for 
Farmers’ Protection. 

Attention has previously been called to the fraudulent actions of a 
neighboring seed firm in Grayson county that sold thousands of bushels of 
St. Charles White Corn, grown in Missouri, for native Texas grown Chis- 
holm Corn. The yield was only about one-half that of the real Chisholm. 
See the results reported by the San Antonio Experiment Farm. The 
farmers who planted this corn, fraudulently sold for CHISHOLM, were 
robbed out of half a corn crop. 

We mention the above fact to caution intending purchasers to be 
careful to get seed corn that corresponds with the label. And to call 
attention to the fact that neither Texas, Oklahoma, nor Arkansas has a 
law that will put those who perpetrate such frauds in the penitentiary 
where they belong. 

Write to your Representative in the Legislature about a law requiring 
seeds to be correctly labeled. A law that requires that seeds be correctly 
labeled is asking for no more than is fair. To have the variety name on 
the label to correspond to the variety of seeds in the bag is not a business 
hardship. Such a law will damage no one except the unreliable seedsman. 

It will be a better day when such seedsmen are not allowed to con- 
tinue a practice that inflicts such great damage on farmers. 

The mills label their feeds as required by law. There is a law against 
misbranding and adulterating foods, drugs, etc. Why not seeds. 


From the Arkansas Experiment Station. — “It is our opinion that 
the SURCROPPER corn, and CHISHOLM in particular, are suited to 
conditions of medium light fertilty in the coastal plain region of South 
Arkansas; likewise these varieties are suitable throughout the higher eleva- 
tions in West Central Arkansas. The FERGUSON YELLOW DENT 
corn seems to require soil of somewhat better fertility, but does well under 
such conditions, especially in the sections named.” — Prof. L. W. Osborne, 
Formerly Professor of Agromony, Arkansas Experiment Station. 



“Nubbing hand selected seed ears 
by machinery. Every ear saved for 
seed is carefully hand-picked and 
tipped before being shelled. From 
the soft spring shelters the corn is 
carried over two specially designed 
seed corn graders that eliminate the 
small and irregular shaped grains. 
Machine planters give best results 
when the seeds have been machine 
graded.” 


Here Is What They Say About the Pudding. 


Has Been a Customer for 9 Years. — “Enclosed 
please find my check for $10.50 in payment for the seed 
corn ordered from you. I have been raising your CHIS- 
HOLM corn since 1897, and can indorse all you say for 
it in your catalog.” — Olney Davis, Collin county, Texas. 

Best Corn “For My Land.” — “CHISHOLM corn 
is the best I ever saw for my land. Sandy Loam. This 
corn was cultivated twice, too much rain and too dry 
when it needed rain. Got 104 bushels of corn off of 4 
acres.” — Frank Mahon, Victoria county, Texas. 

Has Been Growing Chisholm for 4 Years. — “I 
have been raising your CHISHOLM corn for four years 
and am well pleased with it. I took first premium at 
Milford last fall.” — Jno. Wohlwend, Ellis county, Texas. 

Another Boost With a Dollar Mark — ($). — “I am 
well pleased with the results of my CHISHOLM corn 
crop. It made about 40 bushels to the acre while the 
other corn on the farm made only 20 to 30 bushels.” 
— Oran W. Cliett, Hayes county, Texas. 

Has Continued Growing Chisholm Corn. — “I 
planted 25 acres with your CHISHOLM corn late in 
April and made an average of nearly 41 bushels to the 


acre, slip shucked corn, 75 pounds to the bushel, which 
because of the season is the poorest yield I have ever 
made, but still about 10 bushels ahead of what any other 
corn in the neighborhood did.” — Gates Thomas, Fayette 
county, Texas. 

A Regular Old Time Customer.— “I have been 
planting your seeds since 1908 and have always got good 
results.” — Van Wisdom, Hamilton county, Texas. 

The Whole Family Use Ferguson’s Seeds. — “My 

father planted your Chisholm corn with good results. 
My brother plants FERGUSON YELLOW DENT 
CORN exclusively and thinks it is the very best going, 
and he has made corn when others failed. 

“I planted the FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE COT- 
TON and found it to be a very heavy yielder. I planted 
your IMPROVED OATS in 1912 and found them to be 
very good oats. Enclosed find check for 14 bushels of 
FERGUSON No. 71 OAT.”— H. D. Clark, Delta county. 
Texas. 


13 


S SEED 

IbreedersI 



SEED 

GROWERS 



For All Seasons 


Early Maturing Like Northern Corn— Resists Drouth Like June 
Corn— A Sure-Cropper Corn for Early Spring Planting 
or Late Summer Planting 


Thousands of farmers in five Southwestern 
states have come to believe in us, our methods and 
our varieties, because SURCROPPER corn has 
filled their cribs when other varieties failed them. 
In the Corn Shows it rarely gets a ribbon, because 
the ears do not match up to the score-card require- 
ments; but no mistake! It is a proven high yield- 
ing variety. 

HIGH YIELDS. In the Experiment Station 
Tests no other variety has made so many records 
for “Best Yields.” _ Six years in succession it has 
been the highest yielding variety at the Denton 
Experiment Station. It has several times been 
“First” in the variety tests at San Antonio, Temple, 
College Station, Nacogdoches and Shermatf, 
usually securing these honors iu lean or dry years. 
Even in seasons favorable to the longer growing 
types, it often comes in near the top of the list. 
Many farmers have written to us that SURCROP- 
PER corn had filled their cribs when other va- 
rieties failed. If you want to be sure of a reason- 
able crop in dry seasons and a bumper crop in 
favorable seasons, do not fail to plant at least a 
third or a half of your crop in SURCROPPER. 

HISTORY. SURCROPPER (An abbrevia- 
tion of “Sure-Cropper” and pronounced Sur- 
Cropper ) is a distinct type of field corn which has 
been developed, improved, named and introduced 
by A. M. Ferguson. In its original mongrel form 
it attracted his attention in 1901, a very hard corn 
season. The spring season was so dry that many 
fields of corn utterly failed. SURCROPPER did 
not. It made some corn when other varieties in 
the neighborhood fell down before the hot winds. 
This original stock was a very coarse, mixed or 
mongrel type of corn. Through many years of 
rigid selecting for good ear characters and breeding- 
up by ear-to-row testing, it produces very attractive 
ears, with large, white, wide grains of medium depth. 


ADAPTATION AND RECOGNITION. 

SURCROPPER and CHISHOLM are the only 
two varieties of white corn recommended for general 
planting by the Texas Field Crops Association. 
No other white varieties have made the same con- 
sistent high average yields in the nine years testing 
conducted by this Association in co-operation with 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture and the Texas 
Experiment Stations. 

SURCROPPER usually requires from 105 to 
120 days from planting to maturity, measured 
from planting to the browning of the shucks. It is 
two weeks earlier than ordinary native corn. It is 
early like Northern corn, but has a great advantage 
in its drouth-resisiting qualities. It usually yields 
more than twice as much as Northern varieties. 

When first introduced it was recommended 
merely as an early corn for spring planting or as 
a quick maturing corn for summer planting on 
stubble lands. However, its many good qualities 
made it popular far beyond expectations. It is 
not only especially well suited to all up-lands in 
Texas and Oklahoma, but has proven to be a good 
yielder in Central and Northern Louisiana and on 
up into Arkansas. On the lighter, sandy corn lands 
in Eastern Texas and Central Oklahoma, it is proving 
very satisfactory. 

Its general use is being widely extended. There 
are thousand of farmers in Western Texas, in the 
Texas Panhandle and on up into New Mexico, who 
advise that its early maturing and drouth-resisting 
qualities make it their best yielder. It long ago 
established a record for high yields throughout 
Southwest Texas. Several times it has made the 
highest yields of the many varieties included in the 
tekts at the San Antonio Experiment Farm. 


14 



I "" HI SEED I 
lllBREEDERSl 




I SEED 

Igrowers 



A Problem in Percentages: 

If our pedigreed seed corn increases your 
seed cost twenty cents an acre and increases 
your yields 20 bushels, what per cent do you 
make on your money? 


PRICES 


Per peck '....$1.00 

1 to 5 bu., per bu $3.50 

6 to 12 bu., per bu $3.25 

14 to 25 bu., per bu $3.00 


PEDIGREED SEED. CORN ON COB. 


From special breeding 
blocks ; shelled, at 
$5 per bu. Only a 
little to spare. 


Extra selected ears , 
not show ears, nor 
ears of extra size 
and finish, but ex- 
tra good seed, per 
bu., $5.00. 


Surcropper Corn in Oklahoma. “I am 

delighted with the SURCROPPER seed corn I got 
from you last year. It is the only corn that will 
make on upland in a dry season that I know of, 
and I have experimented with corn here for several 
years. I planted April 15th and July 4th we had 
roasting ears, and July I5th corn was made. (3 
months.) We had no rain from May 29th for sixty 
days. I am going to plant 100 acres of it next 
season. All of my farmer acquaintances who 
examined my corn will buy seed of me.” 

Thos. B. Biggers, Oklahoma. 

Hogs Down Surcropper Corn. “Referring 
to your SURCROPPER CORN, I find it very 
quick in maturing. Some did very well planted 
July 17th. I think this corn may fill an important 
place in our agriculture — planted with soy beans 
after removal of oat crop, or other early crop to 
hog down or make a silage, making a balanced feed.” 
— R. K. Boney, Madison Parish, Louisiana. 



Two “Good Things” — An old rail fence and a bred- 
up strain of an old native corn. 



The Size of Surcropper grains vary with the seasons, 
but they are always good, vigorous grains 


8 to 12 Bushels Better Than Four Other Va- 
rieties. — “The SURCROPPER that you shipped Claude 
Hester, Roxmd Rock, Texas, made the best corn of four 
varieties this year by 8 to 12 bushels.” — Walter E. Davis, 
Travis county, Texas. 


$20.00 a Bushel for Seed Corn From 
His Own Crib 

“I had intended to write to you for some 
time, but have been so busy gathering our 
crop. I have just finished gathering our corn 
and I am very well pleased with the SUR- 
CROPPER. We had some of our native 
corn in the same field and we could have 
paid $20.00 per bushel for some more of the 
SURCROPPER and made money. We like 
the cotton seed you sent us too.” — E. F. 
Brown, Tarrant County, Texas. 

NOTE — If corn is worth only 50 cents a bushel 
and a bushel plants only eight acres, an increase 
in yield of only 5 bushels would mean a gain of 40 
bushels, or $20.00. Note that many customers re- 
port a gain of 15 to 20 bushels per acre from our 
bred-up seeds. 


Farmers Prefer Surcropper After Seeing It Grow 
In Test Witb Many Others. “As a result of the corn 
variety test at this station last season, several of our 
farmers are planting your SURCROPPER CORN and 
are pleased with it.” — Guy T. McNess, Supt. Sub. Station, 
Nacogdoches County, Texas. 


15 




•SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 

GROWERS 


How Cotton Breeding Helps 

To Get More Money From Your Crops 

We are breeding-up cotton. We are also growing cotton under average conditions and we are breeding 
up a few of the better varieties of cotton to make them better yi elders under average “rough and tumble” 
farm conditions. 


Cotton Must Be Bred Up Continuously 

Every farmer knows that cotton seed “run out” by natural variation and by getting mixed at the gins. 
It is plain to any one that if a variety of cotton is good , that some one must be continually selecting the 
seed to keep the variety from running out. It is likewise obvious that if the variety is bred-up or improved 
that some one must continue selecting seeds for a number of years with even greater care. And further, it is 
obviously true that if these improved or better strains of these good varieties remain better , that the work 
must be continued. 

We are doing this work every season. We can describe only a few of the many things we do to make 
the wealth producing characters of these standard varieties better from season to season. 


How We Keep Up With Cotton Varieties 

On page 3 we noted cases of well bred Mebane 
Triumph differing in yielding power from 40 to 
263 pounds of seed cotton per acre. Also on page 
9 reference was made to show the difference in 
yields resulting from just two seasons, breeding, 
amounting to 4.2 bushels of corn per acre. 

EVERY PURCHASER OF FIELD SEEDS will 

be more likely to get the kind of seeds he be- 
lieves he should have if he will insist on knowing 
where and by whom grown and prepared as well 
as where, when and how they have been bred-up. 

PRACTICAL FARMERS who start out to secure 
“Better seeds” will do well to remember that there 
are four classes of people who have seeds for sale: 

1. Plant Breeders. — Men who make a business 
of growing seeds from first choice, superior yielding 
individuals from year to year, and who grow their 
commercial seeds from freshly improved stock- 
seeds each year. 

2. Seed Growers. — Persons who do not prop- 
agate their own stock-seeds but secure seeds and 
propagate for seed purposes. To merit the title 
“seed grower” one should at least practice some 
sort of “culling,” “rogueing,” “growing a seed patch,” 
or other means by which a large per cent of the 
obviously undesirable seeds may, at least, be ex- 
cluded from the stock seeds used in growing the 
commercial seeds. 

3. Farmers who grow crops from year to year 
but exercise no more than ordinary care in main- 
taining the quality of their seeds. 

4. Seed Dealers. — Persons or firms who buy 
and sell seeds of all classes and grades, and from 
various sources. They are usually without first 
hand information about the quality of the seed, 
except such as may be determined by the appear- 
ance of the seeds themselves. Their supplies are 
usually purchased from farmers or seed -growers. 


As an example we had 46 varieties and strains^ 
of varieties growing in a variety test block on ourj 
farm this year. We had three such tests in reality,' 
because we wanted to check-up the accuracy of our 
tests and observations. By continuing this work 
every year, as we do, we always know what progress 
we are making in our seed breeding, and what 
progress others are making, for we get seeds from 
other seed breeders to test in comparison with our 
own strains. 

THE AVERAGE FARMER thinks . in terms 
of “varieties and breeds” which he believes to be 
good, or otherwise. Variety names often mean 
very little. Of two Jersey cows, both well bred, 
one may give two gallons of milk with 4% butter 
fat, while the other may give four gallons of milk 
with 5% butter fat. So with plants. 



“Proving that ©nr Cotton Is 99% Storm Proof. 

A cotton breeding block left unpicked until the storm 
proof quality of different selections could be tested out 
by the weather during August, September, October, 
November and into December. Actual count on De- 
cember 9th showed less than one-half of one per cent 
locks on the ground.” 


16 



SEED 

BREEDERS 





SEED 

GROWERS 


m 


Merely Keeping Good Faith in Selling 
Seeds is Not Enough 


BECAUSE A DEALER MERELY KEEPS 
GOOD FAITH in selling field seeds, is not going to 
remove the chance that the seeds you receive are 
not what you ordered. If we bought our seeds from 
any and everyone, even though cost was not a con- 
sideration, and even though we be honest in our 
efforts to get a dependable grade of seeds, we would 
still be dependent “on the other fellow” and so 
would you. BUT we are not mere seed dealers. 

WE HAVE INVESTIGATED YOUR SEED 
PROBLEMS more than you have yourself. When 
it is a matter of seed of varieties, selected, improved, 
grown and prepared under our own arrangement, 
we are giving you the benefit of the most thorough- 
going, first hand study and investigation on your 


field seed problems that has ever been made in the 
Southwest. This claim is not made boastfully. 
It is simply a question of how thoroughly we have 
been studying your seed problems. 

When it is recalled that for ten years we have 
been testing, by practical field test, many samples 
of varieties of cotton seed, including practically 
all the varieties used by Southwestern farmers, it 
means we have been spending time and money to 
find out what are the best varieties for our cus- 
tomers. Information from other sources has been 
used to the same end. 

From the standpoint of our own crops and the 
reputation of our seed business it is to our personal 
interest to have the best seed. 


Here’s What the Careful Seed Breeder Does 
to Make Seeds Better 


DEALERS AND GROWERS DO NOT DO THESE THINGS. 


(1) . We Practice Rigid Stalk Selection, saving seed every year 
from well-formed stalks. Many farmers do not understand that we 
may judge the probable fruitfulness of a stalk of cotton by its shape, 
just as accurately as horsemen judge the usefulness of their animals 
by their shape. Only seed breeders do this. 

(2) . We select for early, rapid, continuous fruiting. These 
characters have much to do with the usefulness of a strain or variety 
of cotton. Only seed breeders having breeding blocks select stalks 
that commence fruiting early, put on fruit rapidly and continuously 
throughout the season. Only cotton breeding experts can do this. 

(3) Boll Selection. — These well-shaped stalks must have well- 
shaped, large, easily picked bolls. All seed saved for our breeding 
blocks must have these good qualities. No one but seed breeders 
do this work year in and year out. 

(4) Storm-proof Quality is Tested Out Every Year in all our 

selections. We do not merely judge storm resistance by “looking” 
at the bolls. We test it by leaving our choicest and most expensive 
seed crops in the fields without picking until November and December. 
If the locks stay in the bolls and do not “string-out” we know that the 
selections are storm-proof ; that 99 per cent of the cotton will regularly 
be picked out of the bolls and not off of the ground. This means a saving 
in ease of picking, and money in the “grade” of the lint. This is 
another valuable character that cotton breeders render to their cus- 
tomers. So far as we know, or have heard, we are the only cotton breeders 
in the world that have been following scientific methods in developing 
increased storm resistance in cotton. Many persons who visited our 
breeding blocks in November and early December were surprised to 
find breeding blocks unpicked, showing better than 99 per cent 
storm-proof fields. 

(5) We Develop Good Fibre in our cotton. Another valuable 
service that cotton seed breeders render. No one but specially trained 
cotton fibre experts can intelligently select for good fibre. The fibre 
of some of our improved varieties sells for one-half to four cents per 
pound more than common cotton and as much as six cents a pound 
more than Half and Half cotton. 



“Daddy! Who Has the Best 
Stalk?” 


17 


SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 4 

GROWERS 


WHAT WE DO TO MAKE COTTON SEED BETTER— Continued. 


Cotton is a spinnable fibre. 
This is the quality that makes it 
current in the world’s markets, 
and the Ferguson Seed Farms 
does not propose to lose sight of 
this important fact in seeking to 
develop the wealth-producing 
quality of this great Southern 
resource. 

BETTER PER CENT OF LINT 

(6) The Ferguson Seed Farms is 
a pioneer in applying exact, 
scientific methods in develop- 
ing high per cent lint in cotton. 
We have not lost sight of the 
fact that per cent of lint and 
length of staple (within rea- 
sonable limits) are second in 
importance to gross yield of 
lint cotton per acre. In car- 
rying forward this important 
work we make use of all the 
necessary instruments and pre- 
cision machines to eliminate 
guess, chance or hasty opin- 
ions. Mere seed growers, farm- 
ers and merchant seedsmen do 
not perform these valuable 
services in breeding-up cotton. 



“Ten-Saw Laboratory Gin used to gin small quantities of valuable new 
strains of cotton. It allows accurate determinations of per cent lint and at 
the same time keeps these new strains of stock seeds un mixed.” 


Developing Larger Field Yields 

(7) Large Field Yields is the most obviously valuable quality 
of a good variety or an improved strain of a good variety. Seed 
growers, farmers or merchant seedsmen do not produce several 
hundred pure-bred pedigreed selections every year, much less do 
they make detailed scientific studies of the 



“Roller Gin. Has no saws. Used 
in ginning seed cotton from single stalk 
selections. This, gin used with the 
balances, shown in illustration on page 
21, allows us to make accurate determi- 
nations of the per cent of lint in the 
seed cotton of each individual plant.” 


(1) Stalk characters, 

(2) The earliness and rapidity 

of fruiting habits, 

(3) The boll characters, 

(4) Storm-proof quality, 

(5) The quality of the fibre, 

(6) The per cent of lint, much 

less to measure the ground 


and count the stalks and 
weigh the crops, 

(7) Or to compare yielding 
quality in a hundred or 
more selections. Only 
seed breeders, properly 
trained, can render this 
kind of service. 


COME TO SHERMAN AND WE CAN SHOW YOU WITH 
WHAT THOROUGH-GOING THOROUGHNESS EACH AND 
EVERY PHASE OF THIS WORK IS CARRIED ON. 


You Would Hurry to Put Your Money in a Strong 
Bank if They Gave Security and Promised to Double Your 
Money in a Single Year. Increased Yields Will Multiply 
Every Dollar That You Spend for Our Seeds Ten to Twenty 
Times Over. 


A Good Turn Out In Spite of Boll Worms. “I ginned 1480 

S ounds of LONE STAR cotton from seed purchased of you this spring. 

lale weighed 566 pounds and was damaged by the boll worms. (38.2% 
lint.) D. W. Murpbree, Hardeman County. Texas. 


18 


SEED 

BREEDERS 


1 



[5EED IIIIIIIIII 

j GROWERS llllllllllli 


HOW LONG and WHERE 
Has Ferguson Been Breeding Field Seeds? 

What Preparation Has He for This Work? 

He was raised in Bell County, in the Country, 
on a farm, and worked on the farm. He graduated 
from the Texas A. & M. College in 1894; spent 
two years in post graduate work in Agriculture, 
and specialized in plant breeding; spent a season 
with the late T. V. Munson, noted the world over 
as a practical plant breeder; studied the science 
and practice of plant breeding and botany at the 
Missouri Botanical Gardens, Cornell University, 
University of Missouri, etc. ; taught plant breeding 
at A. & M. College of Texas and University of 
Texas; has been actively engaged in breeding-up 
corn, cotton, oats, wheat, etc., since 1903; first 
commercial work done at Austin in 1903, and 
continued at Sherman since 1906 ; 22 years of study, 
13 years making a business of breeding-up field seeds. 

Lone Star Sold for More Money.— “In regard to 
your cotton seed: I planted LONE STAR last year. 

I was well pleased with turn out and in fact I received a 
higher price from buyers which adds one more to my 
many reasons for being highly in favor of your improved 
seeds. Count on me as one of your customers another 
year.” — J. A. Gaines, Grayson county, Texas. 

A Bale an Acre from LONE STAR COTTON in 
Oklahoma. — “Was pleased with the yield and percent- 
age of lint made by my Lone Star Cotton. Made a bale 
to the acre and 38 per cent lint. I am planting 90 acres 
this year. Received your seed annual, for which accept 
thanks.” — C. C. Hightower, Jackson county, Oklahoma. 

Mr. C. W. Goodman, Lecturer on Field Crops, 

Texas Department of Agriculture, wrote us after inspect- 
ing our breeding block of BOYKIN COTTON about 
December 1, 1916, as follows: 

“Owing to the lack of words in my vocabulary, I was 
unable to express my opinion the other day before I left 
of the field of cotton on. your farm. That field of short- 
jointed, low-bearing stalks, standing erect, with an average 
of 25 bolls to the stalk, none of it pulling out or laying on 
the ground, was, to say the least, a surprise to me. 

You have the most storm-resistant cotton that I 
have seen anywhere, and I trust the farmers of Texas 
will appreciate that feature of it, as well as its high yield- 
ing qualities.” 

Arkansas Gest Good Results Too. — “The FER- 
GUSON ROUNDNOSE cotton seed ordered from you 
last spring have made good, both in drouth and storm. 
The pickers say it is the best cotton on the place and it 
has stood the hard wind well — extra well.” — C. P. Hudson, 
Dardanelle, Arkansas. 



“Two views, showing good boll characters. The 

back of the burr is broad and protects the seed cotton 
The lint has good drag, which keeps it from becoming 
‘stringed’ so that the wind does not get a chance to “whip 
it out.” Boll at top of page 20 shows a similar boll pulled 
out by hand to make it ‘look big’ and ‘catch the eye,’ 
but we would never save seed from a stalk having stringed 
locks. They are not storm proof.” 



“The length of hbre in cotton is important. 

The above cut shows the staple of MEBANE TRIUMPH, 
usually ranging from 1 inch to 1 1-8 inch long; Half and 
Half from 1-2 inch to 3-4 inch, and LONE STAR from 
1 1-16 inch to 1 3-16 inch long. The staple varies with 
the seasons and soils. The samples photographed above 
grew in the same field under the same conditions in our 
variety test field. 


What Does It Cost to Plant Cotton? 

Many farmers hesitate to plant freshly im- 
proved seed because they overestimate the ex- 
pense. A bushel of cotton seed will plant 2 to 4 
acres. This makes the total cost for “Ferguson 
Seed” about 50c to $1.00 an acre. Deducting the 
value of “just cotton seed” (25e to 50c an acre) 
we see that the extra cost for the better seed will 
be only 25c to 50c an acre. Two to four extra 
pounds of cotton pays the bill. Why hesitate 
when an advantage of $5.00 to $25.00 an acre is 
practically certain? Observe this rule: don’t 
hesitate to plant freshly improved seeds. Just be 
sure that the seed you do plant are really well bred, 
recently improved seed of good varieties. 


19 



Mebane 

A Standard Variety 
For More Than 

F if teen 
Years 



Triumph 

Bred-Up For Bigger 
Yields, Bigger Bolls 
and Better Storm- 
Proof Qualities 


Absolute Proof of the Superiority of Our Strain 

of Mebane Triumph 


There is as much difference in wealth produc- 
tion of different strains of Mebane Triumph cotton 
as there is between different strains of Jersey Ca.ttle. 
This was proved at the San Antonio, U. S. Ex- 
periment Farm in 1912, where tests showed a 
difference of 256 pounds of seed cotton per acre, 
and per cent of lint varying from 38.2% down to 
35.4%. The test included only well-bred strains. 
Seed of our varieties not only showed the highest 
yield (the next highest being an even 100 pounds 
lower), but our seed of Mebane Triumph out- 
yielded all others in the test, including seed from 
the originator, which was excelled by 40 pounds to 
the acre. 

Again in 1914, two seasons later, the North 
Louisiana Experiment Station made a similar test. 
Here our strain of MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton 
seed yielded 263 pounds more per acre than that of 
the originator. Isn’t that proof sufficient that we 


know how to breed up strains of Mebane Triumph 
cotton that really DO yield better? If you want 
GOOD MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton, does it not 
tell YOU where to get the BEST Mebane 
Triumph Cotton? 

MEBANE TRIUMPH is a magnificent va- 
riety, having many advantages that make the crop 
unusually valuable. 

It is a heavy yielder of seed cotton. The ob- 
servations and general experience of farmers through- 
out the Southwest prove that it has heretofore been 
the best general purpose variety. It has been the 
most widely planted variety for 15 years. Scien- 
tific tests have proven that it is the hardiest and 
most drouth resisting, large boiled variety in general 
use in the Southwest. 

It is not only a better yielder of seed cotton 
than Rowden, or any other large boiled variety, 
but it also turns out more lint cotton per hundred 
pounds of seed cotton. 


Making This Famous Variety More Storm Proof 


Along with breed- 
ing-up for better 
yields, we have de- 
veloped unusual 
storm-proof qualities 
in our strain. We 
never harvest our 
breeding blocks until 
November or De- 
cember and in our 
improved strain 
there are less than 
1^% of the bolls 
with missing locks. 
Neither do they get 
“stringed-out” b y 
the wind. This not 
only makes our cot- 
ton produce a better 
grade, but affords a 
great saving in the 
cost of picking. 



“Difference in Storm-Proof Quality in two varieties. These photo- 
graphs show the cotton in the middles on November 4 of two varieties 
of cotton. Both grew in the same field, not ten rows apart.” 


This extra storm- 
proof quality will 
make a difference 
often of from one- 
half to two cents a 
pound in the grade. 
If you plant our 
storm-proof strain of 
MEBANE TRI- 
UMPH, you will not 
have to keep the 
children out of school 
to run over the fields 
four or five times, 
because the entire 
field can be thor- 
oughly cleaned in 
one or two pickings 
without serious loss. 
You will get a bigger 
yield of higher grade 
cotton and get from 
$5 to $10 more per 
bale. That’s what 
these big extra storm- 
proof bolls mean. 


20 



Better Staple 

We have also given special attention to im- 
proving length, drag and body of the staple. We 
are “pulling the staple” on all of our selections of 
MEBANE TRIUMPH and trying to maintain the 
full commercial 1-1-8-inch staple. 

Per Cent of Lint 

Every farmer realizes that a gain of just one 
per cent in the turn-out of lint adds about 15 pounds of 
lint cotton to the bale; that 2% adds 30 pounds; 3% 
adds 45 pounds; 4% adds 60 pounds; 5% adds 75 
pounds, etc. When cotton is 20c a pound this 5% 
gain adds $15.00 to the value of the, bale. 

To add only one per cent to the turn-out of 
lint, to the cotton crop in Texas alone at present 
prices will bring about $9,000,000.00 more to Texas 
farmers every year; 5% would add $45,000,000.00. 

Do you know what we are doing to keep up this 
5% advantage in lint f Here is a brief account of 
what we do every year. A thousand or more in- 
dividual stalks are picked into separate paper bags. 



“Working out tlie per cent of Lint In Individual 

Selections. All our cotton seed descend from carefully 
selected individual plants. These selections must prove 
up good linting quality before they are selected for further 
tests in breeding blocks. See illustration on page 18 of 
Roller Gin.” 


Each bag is graded, each lot weighed on delicate 
scales, the crop from each plant is ginned on a 
special roller gin (see cut), then the seed and lint 
are weighed separately, and from this we calculate 
the per cent of lint to a fraction. Only the seed 
from selections running 38% to 42% lint are 
saved for further propagation. The crop grown 
from these proven high-linting selections is ginned 
on our ten-saw laboratory gin. If it holds up to a 
good per cent of lint it is saved and planted in 
multiplying blocks. Three to four years of this 
work is necessary to produce extra high linting 
seed used to plant our increase fields. 

Our MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton has made 
wonderful records in the Texas Panhandle where 
early, rapid fruiting and good storm-proof qualities 
are needed. It has also proved superior in South 
Texas and Louisiana. 



“Hand Picking Cotton Seed. There is a 
small per cent of off-colored and off-type seed that 
come into pure line selections of high-bred strains. 
These are removed from our seed during the first 
three generations by finger picking.” 

If you plant MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton, 
you certainly will want to plant the best yielding 
strain of this variety that is to be had. It will 
pay you to get it regardless of price, for at the 
present high price of cotton, no thinking farmer 
can afford to plant poor seed. 

How Our Seeds Are Prepared 

As the cotton comes in from the fields the gin- 
ning and handling of the seeds is all done under our 
supervision. All our ginning has been done at one 
gin for nine years. There are no screw conveyors, 
but specially designed drags that take the seeds to 
our own special hoppers at the gin, thus avoiding the 
mixing which occurs where screw conveyors are 
used. 

In changing from one variety to another the 
rolls are dropped and cleaned and likewise all 
spouts, conveyors, seed cleaners, etc. The seed 
are then hauled directly to our special cotton seed 
warehouses where they are run over seed cleaners 
(sometimes called “cullers”) to remove any dirt, 
locks, burrs, etc. 

The seed are sacked up from the bins just 
before shipping, and our seal and certificate placed 
on every bag, just before it leaves the warehouse. 
All seeds are shipped on our Stringless Guarantee. 
.See inside cover page. 

—Prices Mebane Triumph — 

Subject to change. Regular stock, cer- 
tified, re-cleaned seed, put up in 4-bushel 
bags, as follows: 

One peck, 75c; 1 to 24 bu., $2.00 per bu.; 

28 to 52 bu., $1.90 per bu.; 56 to 100 bu., 
$1.80 per bu.; 104 bushels or up, $1.75. 
Special prices on car lots. 

SPECIAL PEDIGREED SEEDS. We 
have a limited amount of Extra Special Seed 
of third and fourth generations from breeding 
block selections. These seed are positively 
the best to be had. As long as the surplus 
supply lasts, we quote straight at $3.00 per 
bushel. 


21 



SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 

GROWERS 



LONE STAR COTTON 


“A TypicaS Stalk of Lone Star Cotton, removed from the field in November. Note the large size of even the 
late top bolls and the storm-proof quality of the low early bolls. The limbing shows early, rapid and continuous fruiting 
habits.” 

IT YIELDS MORE PER ACRE 

Larger Bolls— Better Quality of Lint— More Storm Proof 
— Sells for More Money Per Pound 


“An Unsolicited Letter of Appreciation.” 

Cuero, Texas, September 18, 1916. 

A. M. Ferguson, Sherman, Texas, 

Dear Sir: “This spring I purchased from you quite a lot of seeds and I want to give 

you an unsolicited letter of appreciation. Both corn and cotton seed were all that you 
claimed for them, and, in spite of poor season, our yields were very gratifying. 

The LONE STAR cotton was most satisfactory, the bales ginning from 36 to 42.6 
per cent and a total yield of 25 per cent over the common ‘gin run’ seed planted last year.” 

- Yours very truly, 

(Signed) CHAS. A. REID. 


Lone Star attracted attention at Experiment 
Station in West Texas. — “In reply to your letter of 
recent date relative to LONE STAR cotton seed, wish 
to thank you very kindly for the seed and for co-operat- 
ing with us in the testing of varieties. 

“I wish to take this opportunity to state that I was 
very forcibly impressed with the good showing made by 
your LONE STAR .last year.” 

R. E. DICKSON, Superintendent, 
Spur Experiment Station, Dickens County, Texasr 


The observations of many farmers reported by 
an Oi! Mill Manager. — ‘‘Your letter of the 25 oh re- 
ceived and contents noted. We received quite a few 
bushels of your ‘LONE STAR’ seed last season, selling 
them to the farmers, and have found that they are rapidly 
gaining favor, and are replacing ‘Rowden’ seed in this 
section, also. Especially have they been praised by those 
farmers who planted with your seed upon bottom lands, 
finding that they do not grow rank, and shade the plant 
as in other cottons. We feel that your seeds are worthy 
of much praise.” 

Yours very truly, 

THE COMMERCE OIL MILL, 
(Signed) By O. P. MARSHALL, Mgr. 


22 


SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 

GROWERS 


Lone Star Cotton Makes Friends 
Wherever It Is Grown 


If we had no better evidence than hundreds 
of letters from old customers reporting results like 
Mr. Reid, it would prove that LONE STAR was 
a money-making variety of cotton. 

Many of our old customers in sending in their 
orders for fresh stocks of LONE STAR cotton 
advise us that they have sold the seed out of their 
own crops to their neighbors who saw the cotton 
growing in their fields. 

We have yet to meet a farmer who has given 
LONE STAR cotton a fair trial, who does not plan 
to grow more of it. They all speak favorably of 
this really wonderful cotton. 

We have never yet been guilty of exploiting “new 
things.” We pledged “good faith” in a sincere 
effort to “make a business of improving varieties 
already known to be among the best for general use.” 

We weigh the facts - of scientific investigation 
and the record of general experience before we have 
recommended any variety. We are proud of a 
record of having never introduced a variety of 


corn, cotton or oats that has not given general 
satisfaction. To be sure we have abandoned some 
of the varieties which we first introduced, but . 
merely because we have produced or found some- 
thing that was substantially better. 

No mistake about LONE STAR COTTON. 
Seven years ago this variety came to us with the 
recommendation of the cotton specialist of the 
U. S. Department of Agriculture. It was explained 
to us that the Department would never have in- 
troduced this new variety had it not proven to be 
better than existing varieties. It was the same 
cotton breeding specialist who had directed the 
work that developed MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton. 
This variety was then, just as now, the variety 
that was most generally recognized as the “Best 
Variety.” 

We were profoundly impressed with the results 
of the first tests made seven years ago. Today we 
are thoroughly convinced . beyond any reasonable 
doubt that LONE STAR cotton is sure to become 
the leading variety of cotton. 


Special Advantages of Lone Star 


We grow MEBANE TRIUMPH and believe 
that we have offered the facts to prove that we have 
an exceptionally good yielding strain. In general 
LONE STAR is better, however, and has these 
specified advantages: 

1. Larger Bolls — hence easier to pick. 37 to 
50 to the pound of seed cotton under average con- 
ditions. This is much better than 75 to 125 grabs 
to pick a pound of an ordinary small boiled cotton. 

2. More Storm Proof. — When cotton is so 
storm proof that it can be left in the field until 
November and December and the entire crop 
gathered at one picking without serious loss from 
winds or rain or sprouting in the bolls, it would 
certainly seem that perfection is not far off. When 
labor is hard to get or bad weather keeps you out 
of the field, this quality may be worth half a crop. 


It also means that your entire crop may be gathered 
at one picking, if need be, without being in danger 
of serious damage. This is the case with LONE 
STAR. 

3. Field Yields are as good, if not noticeably 
better, than MEBANE TRIUMPH. This is the 
general opinion of practically every farmer who 
grows it. 

4. High Per Cent of Lint in seed cotton 
ranging with MEBANE TRIUMPH from 35 per 
cent to 42 per cent, depending on seasonal conditions. 

5. Extra Long, Strong Staple. — The lint is 
longer, has more drag and body, qualities that are 
greatly esteemed by spinners. These features are 
readily gauged by reference to the illustration 
showing the lint of LONE STAR, MEBANE 
TRIUMPH and Half and Half, grown under the 
same conditions. (See page 19.) 



Lone Star Cotton Breeding Block In Early Summer Season. 


23 



SEED 

BREEDER5I 



SEED" 

GROWERS 


SPECIAL ADVANTAGES OF LONE STAR— Continued. 


The European cotton spinners pay a premium 
for “Texas Middling” over similar grades coming 
from the Eastern cotton states. The general use 
of LONE STAR will greatly increase the amount 
of the premiums for Texas staple. LONE STAR 
staple ranges from 1 1-16” to 1 J4”, whereas 
MEBANE TRIUMPH ranges from 1” to 1 1-8” 
under similar conditions. It has better drag and 
body than Mebane Triumph or Rowden. 

6. The Staple Sells for More Money . — In any 
market where the buyers pull the staple to fix prices, 
and do not depend on just “grades” alone, LONE 
STAR lint brings a premium over Mebane Triumph 
and Rowden cotton ranging from to 33^c per 
pound. This is equal to. $2.50 to $17.50 per bale 
extra. 

During the last three years these premiums 
have been regularly paid at Sherman, Greenville, 


Prices for Lone 

Regular certified seed, put up in 4-bushel bags 
with our seal and certificate on each and every bag, 
are quoted as follows: 

Per peck, 75c; 1 to 24 bu., $2.25 per bu.; 28 to 
52 bu., $2.20 per bu.; 56 to 100 bu., $2.15 per bu.; 


Paris, Honey Grove, Clarksville, Texarkana, and 
they will be paid in any local cotton market furn- 
ishing enough LONE STAR to enable the local 
buyers to easily assemble large blocks of straight 
LONE STAR bales. 

Communities that have found their cotton prices 
lowered because of large amounts of Half and Half 
cotton can mend their ways and get extra money 
by introducing LONE STAR. 

This magnificent variety is the result of years 
of earnest faithful work by Dr. D. A. Saunders, 
Plant Breeder, U. S. Department of Agriculture. 

With the exception of the U. S. Government, 
we are the only parties regularly maintaining 
scientifically controlled breeding blocks of this 
variety, producing strictly pedigreed seeds, main- 
taining strains of proven good quality. 


Star Cotton Seed 

104 bu. or more, $2.10 per bu. Special prices on 
larger lots. 

Special Pedigreed Seeds . — We have a limited 
amount of Special Pedigreed Seed of third and fourth 
generations from breeding block selections. As 
long as the surplus lasts, $3.00 per bushel. 


Ferguson Roundnose Cotton 

Well Suited to Uplands— Best Yet on Rich Bottoms 


We are proud of the reputation of this splendid 
variety, which was originated and introduced 
several years ago by A. M. Ferguson. It came 
from a high yielding, early, rapid, continuous fruit- 
ing selection out of Jackson Cotton. The name 
refers to its habit of producing roundnose bolls. 


The points of the burrs are very short and the 
stickers do not injure the fingers when picking. 



“Two Kinds of Cotton Growing Side by Side. 

Rowden on the left and FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE on 
the right. A heavy killing frost on November 2 
killed all the unopened bolls. The FERGUSON ROUND- 
NOSE made three times as much as the Rowden and 
made it earlier and faster.” Moral: Plant early, rapid, 
fruiting varieties. 


This character, however, is not absolutely fixed 
in the variety. It shows about 95 per cent round- 
nose bolls, and sometimes less if the seasonal con- 
ditions are unfavorable. 

FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE COTTON has 
medium large bolls, is an early rapid fruiter, storm 
proof, and is very desirable for bottom lands where 
the tendency of ordinary cotton to produce too much 
stalk reduces the yield of lint. We have produced 
over a bale to the acre on high prairie land, from 
stalks slightly above knee high. It produces 
cotton — not weed. On bottom land the stalks will 
be higher, but equally as fruitful. This variety 
has made a wonderful record in river bottom lands 
throughout Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Missis- 
sippi and Louisiana. 

FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE COTTON is 
especially desirable under severe boll weevil con- 
ditions. On plantations in Southern Louisiana, 
at the North Louisiana Experiment Station, in the 
Costal region in South Texas, in Alabama and all 
similar situations, it has proven to be exceptionally 
desirable, making much larger yields than Mebane 
Triumph and Lone Star. 

The bolls are medium large, quite storm proof, 
but easy to pick, has lint of good quality and gins 
out from 34 to 41% depending on the conditions. 

PRICE: Supply for this season sold out 

largely on re-orders from old customers. Orders for 
1917 crop will be booked at $2.50 per bushel. 


24 



Boykin 


Cotton 


A New Variety of 
Many Good Qualities 




A Mutation From 
Mebane Triumph 
Quite Superior to 
Its Parent 

Boykin is the name we 
have given to a new sport or 
mutation from Mebane Tri- 
umph cotton found in our 
breeding blocks in 1913, com- 
ing from our strain No. 8-06, 
A 7-11. The exceptional value 
of this new variety was fully 
obvious from its first appear- 
ance in our breeding block in 
1914. 

It is shown just as it was 
first discovered in the illustra- 
tion on the right. The rows on 
the sides are selections of 
Mebane Triumph Champion 
Strain No. 8-06. 



DO YOU BELIEVE THERE’S ANYTHING IN SEED BREEDING. 


All rows were planted from seed of the same variety, but each row 
was planted from the seed of a single stalk. All rows were planted 
alike — same number of stalks. Any differences in the rows were there- 
fore due to the differences in the reproductive powers of the seeds of In- 
dividual stalks that were “full brothers.” Photographed Nov. 22, 1913. 
Note storm-proof condition at even this late date. 


COMPARATIVE YIELDS AND QUALITY 

In this test, where all the seeds had been planted 
with exceptional exactness to get the hills uniformly 
just two feet apart in the drill, this selection A 7-11 
was producing 18-1 /4 pounds, where the other 
selections themselves, representing a favorite Cham- 
pion High Yielding Strain were producing only 12 
to 14 pounds. This represented a gain of about 
30% in yield. On a basis of only one-half bale (a 
fair average for reasonably good farmers) this would 
amount to 225 pounds or at 5c a pound to about 
$11.25 per acre. 

This photograph was made on the 22nd of 
November. The large size of the bolls and their 
exceptional storm proof quality was just as obvious 
as the extra heavy yield. Bad weather set in and 
continued until well into December before the cotton 
was picked and weighed. In spite of the damage 
done by many visitors walking around examining 
this remarkable mutation there was less than one 
per cent of fallen locks when picked. 

An examination of the lint showed it to have 
more _ drag and body than Mebane Triumph and 
practically the same in length. The average per 
cent of lint was 38% with the different stalks 
averaging from 36% to 40%. 

Special consideration has been given to the 
propagation of the seed to isolate from other cotton 
and rigidly rogue out the variants. These have 
been less than 5% during the last two years. It 


is holding up so well and it has such exceptional 
wealth-producing qualities that we have decided to 
allow the surplus seed from our breeding and mul- 
tiplying blocks to be distributed. On our own 
farms a 20-acre block growing under similar but 
equally unfavorable conditions averaged more than 
300 pounds of seed cotton per acre than the other 
varieties. This same lead in yielding quality was 
evident last year. 

BOYKIN COTTON HAS A FUTURE 

Three years of the closest scientific investiga- 
tion confirm this view. We are naming it for Mr. 

Boykin, a pioneer in East Texas, long since 

deceased. The cotton which Mr. Boykin devel- 
oped is the parent of Mebane Triumph and Rowden 
and, as detailed above, becomes the grand-parent 
and revives the memory of a plain farmer who 
rendered great service to the farmers of the South- 
west. 

PRICES AND INTRODUCTION 

Supply limited. Sold only in peck lots, one 
peck to a person and one person to a community, 
and it is understood that each person receiving the 
seed must agree to report results and observations 
after harvesting his crop. We want “lots of people” 
to see this splendid variety growing in their own 
community. PRICE: $2.50 per peck. 


SEED 

BREEDERS 



SEED 

GROWERS 




Ferguson No. 71 Oats 


13 Years’ Improvement on Seed Breeding Farms. 

4 Years of Record-Breaking Results 
on Farmers’ Farms. 

Bigger Yields 10 to 40 Bushels— 

Customers Say So! 

Why will farmers go on year after year planting 
ordinary mixed, thresher-run red oats? Is there any reason 
why you should be particular about corn, cotton and 
other seeds and not about oats? Four years ago there 
might have been an excuse, but there is not today, for 
today you CAN get bred-up, certified pedigreed seed 
oats, which according to the reports of many farmers are 
producing 10 to 40 bushels per acre more than the ordi- 
nary red oats. 

Years ago we noticed how careless we all were about 
our seed oats. We believed that oats could be improved, 
and believing that it could be done, we went into the 
best fields of oats in various parts of the country, selecting 
individual plants for drouth-resisting qualities; for stout, 
stiff straw; for better rust-proof quality, for hardiness 
against winter killing to allow fall planting; and, of course, 
for heavier yields of larger, plumper, sounder grains. 

Champion Strain of 500 Selections 

T .. . “Four stools of oats grown from four kernels of 

In all nearly 1,000 selections were made and 500 oats selected from thresher-run or country-run seed, 
separate stools were individually planted in separate head- They were propagated through three generations. 
, ^ ba . . ci All grew under identical conditions m adjacent rows, 

to-row tests, one grain to a hill one toot apart. See Compare time of maturing, height, vigor, etc.” 

picture on page 27. 

Each year the Champion Strains were saved for further testing 
and observation. Selection No. 71 showed the most consistent 
record for general excellence through the years and varying seasons. 

Not until four years ago did we put it on the market. Only a 
limited quantity was sold at first. 

They are well known today. It would be strange if such 
careful selecting did not produce remarkable results over the or- 
dinary common oats. There is nothing in the Southwest that com- 
pares with FERGUSON NO. 71 OATS regardless of price. It 
is one of the best money makers we have brought out. 


Freer Stooling — Costs 
Less for Seed 

Because of free stool- 
ing habits you can get 
a better stand from 1$ 
to 2 bushels an acre 
than with 3 bushels of 
common seed. 

T. J. Welch planted 
10 bushels on 10 acres 
and harvested 71$ 
bushles an acre. 

Sell Your Crop 
for Seed 

Nearly every farmer 
who planted our seed 
sold his entire crop to 
neighbors for seed. It 
will bring you fancy 
prices over the market 
if you do this. 

“Threshing 1915 Crop of Ferguson No. 71 Oats.” 47 Acres Averaged 67 Bushels Per 
Acre. Common Oats Near By Averaged 30 to 50 Bushels. We Grazed the 

Field All Winter. 


Resists RUSl. 

Better than the common, so-called, 
rust-proof varieties. 

A Hardy Oat for Fall Planting 

Furnishes abundant winter pasture and 
withstands winters South of Red River. 

Stands Drouth Better 

Results in dry seasons proved this; 
makes little straw, but the grain is there. 

Produces Extra Quality Grain 

Tests have run frov 36 to 43 pounds per 
bushel; bright, clean well filled grains. 


26 


SEED 

BREEDERS 






| SEED 

I GROWERS 



The most remarkable thing about FERGU- 
SON No. 71 OATS is the almost universal success 
they have given in all sections and under all con- 
ditions. We have never heard of a man who planted 
them once, who would not plant them the next year. 
Out of 16 reports from customers who bought seed 
for the 1916 crop, fourteen farmers couldn’t praise 
our seed enough. Only two complained and these 
contrary reports were in no way due to the seed. 

80 Bushels vs. 40 bushels. “The oats are all right. 
They turned out well. They threshed 80 bushels per acre, 
and the common oats 40. My neighbors all want them for 
seed. The thresherman and my grain dealers advise me 
not to sell them on the market at all, but to save them for 
this community. They all think they are fine. I am well 
satisfied with my investment.” 

A. M. Morrison, Collin Co. 

Increased His Yield 17 Bushels Per Acre. In 

answer to your request will say your No. 71 Oats made 50 
bushels per acre, while other oats made 33. Will plant 
the ones I raised. Your oats did not fall down like the 
other oats. These oats were planted the last of January.” 
W. A. Shippey, Maypearl, Texas. 

A Well Known Dairyman Made Money Out of 
Ferguson No. 71 Oats. 

Dallas, Texas, September 6, 1916. 

“Replying to your recent circular letter with reference 
to the experience I had with your FERGUSON NO. 71 
OAT. 

I am very well pleased indeed with the yield, also 
with the very excellent QUALITY of the oats PRO- 
DUCED. The thresherman who threshed my crop 
stated that it was the best quality of oats that he had 
threshed this year, and I have disposed of the entire 
amount as seed. My crop passed through the winter 
well — practically all the other oats were killed during 
the freezing weather, while mine were not damaged 
seriously by the cold. They stooled very freely and 
there was no evidence of rust whatever. 

As stated above, I am very well pleased with the oats 
and I look forward to good results in our community from 
having purchased the initial supply.” 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) C. O. MOSER. 


Head Row Test FERGUSONi.NO. 71 OATS. The 

Seed from a single selectedjhead are planted in a row, one 
grain in a place, one foot apart. As a means of finding 
out the best yielding plants, resistance to rust and drouth, 
stiffness of straw and good quality in the grain, compare 
this method with the old-fashioned fanning mill. 


PRICES FERGUSON No. 71 OATS. 

Double Recleaned, heavy, sound, big-grained seed 
put up in branded 5-bushel bags, our seal and certificate 
on each bag: 

1 to 20 bushels per bu. $1.25 

24 “ 50 “ “ “ 1.15 

55 “ 75 “ “ “ 1.10 

80 “ 100 “ “ “ 1.00 



Grayson County Mediterranean Wheat. 

PRICES ON SEED WHEAT 

The price of wheat varies so widely 
that standing quotations cannot safely be 
made. We have secured dependable seeds 
of the varieties described herein, and have 
them growing. Write to us for special 
prices, naming the quantity and variety 
desired. 


Seed Wheat 

For many years we have realized that we Southwestern 
farmers have not been “looking around” as we should have 
been to see what could be done to assure better strains of 
seed wheat. However, the Ferguson Seed Farms is at work 
on this problem. It is our hope that work in this field will 
be as productive of good results as our work on cotton, corn 
and oats has been. 

Heretofore our work in seed testing, breeding and grow- 
ing has been largely with corn, cotton, oats and barley. 
Our work on wheat is now well under .way. 

SEED TREATED FOR SMUT 

We treat all seed grains grown on our farms with formalin 
solution to reduce smut in the crop. The good effects of this 
treatment last for several years. Those who have suffered 
losses from smut in their crops will do well to start anew 
with treated seeds of good varieties. Many farmers lose 5 
per cent to 15 per cent of their yields from smut and scarcely 
notice it. This loss amounts to more than the cost of enough 
good seeds for planting their entire crop. 

PREPARATION AND CLEANING OF SEED GRAINS 

All of our seeds of wheat, oats and barley are thoroughly 
cleaned as they are brought in from the farms. We have 
special machinery for this work. It not only removes all 
chaff and straw, but also the light and immature grains. 
Nothing is shipped out that is not in good condition for 
planting. It will take less seed if you use your double re- 
cleaned and graded stocks, because only the most vigorous 
grains are saved for seed. 


27 





l\/TT?T»TT'T7'D T? A Nl? A W (Red Chaff; Red Berry.) This 
JVLJiUilJiKKAnJiAiN gofti bearded variety is gen- 
erally regarded as the best wheat for the Southwest. At 
least most of the wheat grown in the Southwest is grown 
under this name. However, inspection of the wheats in 
the fields show that the wheat commonly planted as 
MEDITERRANEAN is badly mixed, showing chaff of 
several colors, whereas it should be red. The wheat 
grains are of varying textures also. This unfortunate 
condition results from growing thresher-run wheat for 
several generations. It is about time that we South- 
western farmers wake up and watch our own interests. 


Grayson County Mediterranean Wheat 

Grayson county is one of the banner wheat sections of 
the entire Southwest. We have many large wheat growers 
who are very particular about seed, who know from long ob- 
servation the strains that give the best results. Grayson 
County Mediterranean is a soft-bearded variety that is 
generally regarded as the best for the Southwest. The 
strain we have, while not pure, is probably the purest 
and best to be had for the Southwest. It is thoroughly 
acclimated, having been grown for more than twenty 
years in this section and is used extensively by the most 
wide-awake wheat farmers. 


FULCASTER WHEAT bearded; White Chaff; Bed 

widely grown wheats in the Southwest. It is a great 
stand-by wheat. It is a bearded, early ripening, white 
chaff wheat; its dark red berries are large, hard and plump. 
It adapts itself to a wide range of soils and climates. Be- 
cause of this it is considered “a safe variety” and is popular 
in every wheat growing country. It is largely grown in 
Denton and Grayson counties, the two leading gram 
growing counties in the Southwest. 


POOLE WHEAT 


(Beardless; Brown Chaff; Red 
Berry). This variety has made 
a splendid showing at the Denton Experiment Station, 
and should be more widely planted. POOLE is a very 
popular wheat in many"states because of its heavy yielding 
habits. 


Seed dealers who do ‘‘seed improving in city ware- 
houses” now and then come out with a glowing de- 
scription of an old and good variety under a ‘‘New Va- 
riety” name. Poole Wheat has been sold under many 
names in this way. It is, of course, a good wheat and was 
selected because it is good. If you want a good smooth- 
head wheat, remember that POOLE is no experiment. 


ETTTT7 WHEAT (Beardless; White Chaff, Red 

u l i z, w -tiita i Berry) < This ls one of the oldesti 

widest grown and most popular of the beardless wheats. 
We of the Southwest have usually been growing bearded 
varieties, but mere “habit” can be changed. The beard- 
less wheats, as a class, are heavy yielders; they have 
plump, round berries and are very attractive. Even 
when weather conditions shorten the crops, the kernels 
are usually plump, and for this reason the market value 
is increased. FULTZ has a stiff straw which reduces the 
tendency to lodge; it has a compact, well protected head 
which reduces shattering in handling, and prevents 
sprouting in wet weather. It is a good yielder. This, 
with other good qualities shown, makes it a very desirable 
variety to plant. 


Winter Barley 

Barley is the surest of our pasture and grain 
crops. It grows freely in warm winter days, pro- 
vides an excellent pasture during the winter 
months, and matures its crop of grain 10 to 15 
days ahead of wheat. Barley usually yields from 
20 to 50 bushels, to the acre; and, besides its 
better winter grazing qualities, it is often more 
profitable than wheat as a grain crop. It weighs 
48 pounds to the bushel and its feeding values 
is only a little less than corn. As a winter graz- 
ing for hogs it is unequalled. Sow early on well- 
drained land at the rate of 5 to 8 pecks per acre, 
depending upon condition of the seed bed and the 
time of seeding. Early seeding on a good seed 
bed should not require over 6 pecks. 


TENNESSEE WINTER BARLEY No. 257: 

We secured from the Experiment Station stock of an im- 
proved strain of pedigreed Tennessee Winter Barley, 
known by number as U. S. P. B., No. 257. It has proven 
to be “the best all ’round barley grown on the Station for 
four years,” and is the surest and best yielder among the 
many varieties tested. It is uniform in quality, type, and 
ripening; it winters well and is practically free from smut. 
Price: Per bushel. Please write for special prices. 


TEXAS WINTER BARLEY: 

scarcely distinguishable from the pedigreed variety de- 
scribed above. This is the barley most generally grown 


in Texas and Oklahoma. We offer re-cleaned seed of 
TEXAS WINTER BARLEY grown on our own farms 
and on the farms of men who have been co-operating with 
us for a number of years, and who have grown this barley 
successfully diming that time. PRICE: Per bushel. 

Write for current prices. 



Legumes 

Alfalfa — Cow Peas — Bur Clover — Velvet Beans — Peanuts 

Alfalfa 

KING OF THE CLOVERS. 

Alfalfa is a success in all parts of the Southwest. It is the only clover- 
like legume that is successfully grown in the Southwest. It makes a fine 
hay crop, yielding one to four tons per acre each season. It is a valuable 
feed for all kinds of stock when used in connection with grains and cheaper 
hays. Alfalfa is rich in protein, a muscle-forming nutrient that is not 
abundant in ordinary hays and in the grains. After a field is a year old 
it is one of the best hog pastures known. 

Alfalfa can be profitably grown in any well-drained, rich to medium- 
rich soil. Ground should be free from weed seeds and quite mellow, but 
firm, level and friable before seeding. Plow the field at least a month or 
two before planting. Seed may be drilled in or sown broadcast, at the 
rate of 7 to 20 pounds per acre, at any time in late summer or early fall, 
or in early spring near the end of the frost season. Fall seeding is better, 
as it will save half a year. Young alfalfa will usually resist light frosts. 

Prices of alfalfa seed varies. We handle only the best grades of tested 

Prices: Subject to market changes, 10 !bs. $2.25; 50 lbs., $10.00. 
Extra Fancy Alfalfa, per 100 lbs., $19.50 f. o. b. We do not quote 
prices on low-grade seeds. Write for current prices on large orders. 


28 



SEED 

BREEDERS 


■n 




SEED 

GROWERS 


Bur Clover 

SOUTHERN OR SPOTTED BUR CLOVER 

Bur Clover is a winter growing, self-seeding annual 
that has become well established in the fields and pastures 
in many sections of Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana and Ok- 
lahoma. Prof. Sanborn has been growing Bur Clover at 
Stillwater, Oklahoma, for many years. Mr. Tom M. Marks 
has been growing Bur Clover with great success at Jacks- 
boro, Texas. The seed should be sown in the late summer 
or very early fall on waste lands, Bermuda sod, etc., or 
in cotton. Sow 10 to 20 pounds per acre. 

We offer seed of an extra hardy strain in the bur 
only, grown in the Northern limits for this crop. Avoid 
seed of the California Bur Clover even if they are cheaper. 
It is not satisfactory, because lacking in hardiness. Seed 
in the bur are best, according to the recommendation of 
the specialists on Bur Clover in the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture. We recommend that the burs be treated 
with hot water, according to the approved method re- 
commended by the Government Specialists. This in- 
sures quicker and freer germination of the seed. See 
Bulletin No. 693, “Bur Clover,” U. S. Department of 
Agriculture. Prices: One or more pounds postpaid, 
50 cents per lb.; by express or freight collect, 10 lbs., 
$2.50; 50 lbs. $12.50; 100 lbs. $22.00. 

Cowpeas 

EVERYBODY’S CLOVER 
EVERYBODY SHOULD GROW SOME CLOVER 

After ages of practical experience, and according to 
scientific analysis, no fact is better established than that 
Cow Peas should be grown on every farm. It is well to 
grow them as a “side crop” or “catch crop” on fallow 
land; but by all means a number of acres should be grown 
as a regular hay crop, and to renew and enrich the soil. 


We know of a prosperous black-land German farmer who 
regularly plants one-fifth of his fields to Cow Peas every 
year. 

Land is getting high, and if you can, it will be profitable 
to grow two crops a year on yours. Oats or Irish potato 
fields may be planted in Cow Peas, and thus be made to 
produce three crops — one in the spring, one in the summer 
for feed, and one of nitrogen left to enrich the soil. 

We have grown a number of kinds in variety-test 
fields. Some are better than others for certain purposes. 
The bushy varieties are best for peas, but the vine-pro- 
ducing kinds make more hay for feeding or turning under. 

Prices and Varieties. Write for current special 
list of varieties and prices. 

Peanuts 

This crop serves both the stock and the land to good 
advantage. As a legume, its vine and nut contain a high 
percentage of protein, making it an especially valuable 
feed for hogs. It is unequaled as a pasture for hogs. 
When properly cured, the vines make a most valuable 
hay. When plowed under as green manure, the vines add 
nitrogen to the soil and improve its physical condition. 
The Spanish nut is most generally planted for hay and 
pasture. Write for prices. 

Early Speckled Velvet Bean 

This is different from the Mammoth Velvet Bean. 
We have grown the Early Speckled variety and recommend 
it as a superior velvet bean. Its running growth is re- 
markable, and even when planted late it matures seed. 
When planted in corn even after laying-by-time, this 
velvet bean will cover the stalks in a short time. Try 
this legume on our suggestion. Price postpaid, 1 lb., 
25c; 10 lbs., $1.00 f. o. b. Sherman; 1 bushel, $2.75. 


Sorghums 

Grain — Hay — Forage — Silage — Syrup 


The grain producing sorghums (Hegari, Fet- 
erita, Milo, Kafir and Shallu), the sweet sorghums 
producing syrup and forage (Red Top, and other 
sweet sorghums) and the hay sorghums (Sudan 
Grass and Johnson Grass), are a new class of crops 
which have been introduced from Africa during the 
last half century. Because of their ability to resist 
and endure drouth the sorghums have proven to 
be of great value in regions having a limited or 
irregular rainfall and especially valuable for spring 
and summer planting in humid regions. They are 
the main dependence for “feed crops” for the Western 
portions of Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. 

Write for special prices. Market unsettled. 

Grain Sorghums 

The grain sorghums have a feeding value 
practically equal to that of corn. On the uplands 
in Western Texas and Oklahoma the grain sorghums 
will usually make more feed to the acre than corn, 
and often more than twice as much. As a catch 
crop on stubble land the grain sorghums are profit- 
able, especially in dry summers when other feed 
crops are scarce. Their use as catch crops in the 
semi-humid sections is generally profitable. 

Seeds will germinate under less favorable con- 
ditions than corn. Seed should be drilled at the 
rate of 2 to 6 seqds to the foot, varying somewhat 
according to theland and its condition. This re- 


quires four to six pounds of seed per acre. It is 
usual to leave the plants from 4 to 12 inches apart 
in foot rows. Feterita matures usually in 50 
to 75 days; Milos, 90 to 105 days; Kafir, 100 to 120 
days, and Shallu in 135 days. 

FETERITA. — This new sorghum is rapidly 
proving its worth because of its early maturity and 
drouth-resisting qualities. These same qualities 
make it very desirable as a catch crop after grain 
in Central and East Texas and Oklahoma. It is a 
good yielder. The grains are white and large. 

MILO MAIZE.— There are dwarf and stand- 
ard strains of red, yellow and white milo. The 
dwarf milo is preferred. It grows to a height of about 
4 feet under average conditions. Thick seeding 
gives fewer pendant heads. The grains are the 
largest of the sorghums, and are brittle and easily 
crushed. 

YELLOW DWARF MILO.— Similar to the 
other varieties of Milo, but having a yellowish color. 

KAFIR. — The Kafirs, owing to the longer time 
required for maturity, are hardly as sure a crop as 
Feterita or Milo. A fair crop of Indian Corn may 
be produced under conditions that will give good 
results with the Kafirs. The foliage of the Kafirs 
is darker in color than Milo, the stalks larger and 
more erect, the leaves standing at a sharper angle 
with the stalk. Kafirs are largely used as roughage 


29 



GRAIN SORGHUMS— Continued. 


because the stalk is slightly saccharin, but this 
varies with the different varieties. The Black-hull 
Kafir and Red Kafir are most generally preferred, 
especially the former for silage. 


WHITE BLACK-HULL KAFIR.— This is the 
standard variety of Kafir grown for grain. We can 
usually supply good, well-grown, carefully threshed 
seed of either dwarf or standard strains. Write 
for current prices. 


Sweet Sorghums 

For Hay , For Silage and For Syrup 

The sweet sorghums are distinguished from the 
grain sorghums by the fact that the juices are very 
sweet and sugary and the substance of the stems is 
very digestible. The juices are used in making 
syrups. They are also largely planted for forage, 
hay and for filling silos. Of the many varieties of 
sweet sorghums, Red Top or Sumac is the variety 
most generally grown. It is more vigorous, has 
more foliage, stands drouth better and makes a 
greater tonnage for forage than any of the sweet 
sorghums grown, often yielding from two to six 
tons per acre. Every Texas cotton farmer who buys 
hay with “cotton money” should plant a few acres 
in Red Top Sorghum. Experience has demon- 
strated that on any kind of land a farmer can grow 


more rich, nutritious forage from one acre of Red 
Top Sorghum than he can buy with the crop off of 
two to three acres of cotton. 

Red Top Sorghum sown for syrup purposes 
should be planted very thin, about 3 to 4 pounds 
to the acre. When grown for forage it is best to 
broadcast it or drill it in with a grain seeder on well 
prepared ground at the rate of 1 to 1 bushels per 
acre. Plant shortly after corn planting time. It 
often yields two to three cuttings of hay a year. 

RED TOP OR SUMAC SORGHUM.— Seed 
red to pale orange yellow. Prices very variable. 
Send for special current quotations, stating quantity 
wanted. 

HONEY SORGHUM.— This is a variety that 
has been widely sold as “Japanese Cane.” It has 
long, slender, reddish heads and is a very desirable 
sorghum for syrup purposes. Our seed were grown 
by a large sorghum grower who is very particular 
about his seed. Prices: 10 pounds, postpaid, 

$1.00. Write for prices on larger quantities. 


Sudan Grass 


A Dependable, Safe, Profitable Forage and Hay Crop 

SUDAN vs. SORGHUM 


We grow 10 to 20 acres of Sudan Grass for 
HAY for our own farms and find it very satisfactory. 
It is easy to grow, easy to harvest and cure, produces 
well and is highly relished by all kinds of stock. 

We sow Sudan as a PASTURE GRASS, es- 
pecially on places that are not well seeded to the 
natural grasses. In this way we have doubled 
the carrying capacity of our pastures. Notwith- 
standing the heavy grazing it grows right along. 
It is a noticeable fact that the stock graze the 
Sudan Grass in preference to the natural pasture 
grasses. 

No grasses heretofore known show such won- 
derful hay-producing qualities. We recommend 
that Sudan Grass be planted on every farm where 
hay is needed or where hay is grown as a market 
crop. It can be grown very cheaply, and under 
ordinary conditions it will produce from two to four 
tons per acre. 

SUDAN vs. MILLET 

Sudan Grass has driven millet out of the list 
of farm crops. Sudan is easier to grow, hardier 
and not so difficult to start, and grows faster, makes 
two to four times more to the acre and is a better 
hay than millet. It can be fed in unlimited quan- 
tities, while millet can not without causing damage 
to stock. In every place where millet would 
ordinarily be planted, Sudan Grass can be grown to 
better advantage. Plant Sudan Grass if you have 
a need for hay on your own farm. Also if you are 
growing hay for the market plant Sudan Grass. 


We sow both Sudan and Sorghum for hay and 
forage uses and try to have a good crop of both. 
The Sudan cures quicker and is handled with less 
labor, but it will depend upon weather conditions 
as to which will give the largest yields. During 
this past summer the Sudan seemed to stand the 
dry weather better than any of the several varieties 
of Sorghums. 

The cost of Sudan Grass Seed is higher this 
season. Sorghum seed is also three to four times 
more than last season. It is going to cost more 
than usual to plant a hay crop, but hay (the 
cheapest and most necessary of all farm feeds) 
is also high. The cost per acre for seed for Sorghum 
will be just about the same as Sudan. There is 
no material difference. 

Sow Sudan broadcast or with grain drill 10 to 
15 pounds per acre soon after danger of frost is 
past. 

PRICES 

Subject to market changes, we can supply good 
Sudan Grass seed grown under conditions that 
remove fear of Johnson Grass. Sudan Grass is 
here to stay and the price will vary no more than 
cane seed. Subject to market changes we quote: 
Per pound, postpaid, 50c; 10 to 10 pounds, 40c per 
pound, not prepaid; 25 to 75 pounds, 35c per pound; 
100 pounds or more, $32.00 per hundred, but write 
for current market prices on large quantities. 


30 


Please Use This ORDER BLANK if Convenient. 



SEED 

GROWERS 



Ship the following seeds to: Date.. 

Name 

To be forwarded by 

(Freight, express or parcel post) 


DO NOT WRITE HERE. 

Date Rec’d 

Inv B1 

Date Shipt 

Shipt. by 


Freight Station Name of R. R 

Postoffice R. F. D 


Amt. Enclosed, $ 

(State whether draft, check, money 
order or stamps.) 


County State 


Quantity 

Wanted. 

KIND OF SEEDS WANTED. 

Price per bu. 
or lb. 

AMOUNT. 


SURCROPPER Seed Corn 




CHISHOLM Seed Corn 




FERGUSON YELLOW DENT . Seed Corn 




JUNE CORN 








LONE STAR CottonSeed 




MEBANE TRIUMPH CottonSeed 




FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE Cotton Seed 




BOYKIN Cotton Seed 








FERGUSON NO. 71 OATS. 




TEXAS RED RUST PROOF OATS 








MEDITERRANEAN Seed Wheat 




FULCASTER Seed Wheat 








SUDAN GRASS 








SORGHUM 








ALFALFA 








Total Amount of Order. 


$ 


REMARKS: 



SEED 

BREEDERS 


i 



SEED 

GROWERS 


Has This Catalog Given You A Better Understanding 
Of How Good Seeds Are 
Made Better? 

If so, we would like to send a copy to a few of your personal acquaintances whom you know to be interested 
in securing better field seeds. We will appreciate having names from different parts of your County. 


Initials and Name. 

Postoffice. 

R.F.D. 

State. 

Occupation and Remarks. 




































































































i 





































Made out by. 


Postoffice. 


State. 




January 31, 1917. 


To EXPERIMENT STATION And 
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OFFICIALS: 

Example?, of commercial plant breeding on a bonafide 
scientific basis, are not. very numerous in the United 
States. Comparatively few of the conscientious efforts 
made along this line have, proven- to be financially self 
sustaining. 

The Ferguson Seed Farms has had its financial ups- 
and-downs , but we believe the re are many opportunities 
open to veil c.-.-p- : r : • • 5 _;•••• V.’-..tes in agriculture to promote 
their own, as well as social welfare, by engaging in 
Commercial Seed Breeding, hot boastingly, ’out with th 
hope of encouraging others, we can advise that the 
Ferguson Seed Farms has succeeded: 

(a) - As a business. 

(b) - In preserving proper ideals of good seed- 

manship. 

(c ) - In producing superior seeds for our climate, 

proven by the comparative tests reported by 
the Experiment Stations. 

Many of you will be intersted in these facts as a 
basis for a suggestion to your graduates. Or. page 9 an 
oft repeated and important question is asked and answered 
by data that should be interesting to those who are look- 
ing for examples of how scientific seed breeding can be 
made useful. 

We would be glad to receive copies of bulletins and 
papers bearing on the staple field crops and particularly 
corn, small grains, cotton, grasses, legumes, etc. Our 
annual publications have usually been more then mere 
"Catalogs" of seeds offered for sale. We hope as time 
goes on to make them readable and instructive. 

Sincerely yours for Better Field Seeds, 


t to make a bus, ness of SEED FARMS. 



AMF/WAF 


Has 



If so, we > 
in securing bet 


Init 


Made out by. 


Postoffice. 


State 


Suggestions to Customers About 

Making Orders 


1. About Representations. We try to not only 
be truthful to the letter in all descriptions and representa- 
tions, but to even avoid misleading suggestions. We 
want your confidence. What is more we want to deserve 
it. Our Stringless Guarantee is intended to take care of 
all cases of differences of opinion. 

2. If Mistakes Occur tell us. We might be 
able to correct them. Others will not. Write the facts 
good naturedly if you can, but if you can’t, then write 
them anyway. 

3. We Will Appreciate having you send us names 
of prospective seed buyers. It costs lots of money to run 
a seed breeding farm. Our only chance to get it back 
is to sell seeds. The success of our business is due to the 
“good will” of old customers who send us names of pros- 
pective buyers of field seeds. 

4. Order Early and it will enable us to fill your order 
before the rush season comes. Where cash accompanies 
order we will fill the order and set it aside and hold until 
date you wish shipment made. 


5. Remember, “First come first served.” The 
supply of our own seeds is limited. It takes twelve 
months to get a new supply of seeds on which we will put 
our seal and certificate that they are PEDIGREED 
SEEDS. 

6. Orders Filled Promptly. We make every effort 
to fill orders the same day received, unless instructed to 
hold for later shipment. 

7. Substitutions. If you should desire substitu- 
tions made in your order in case we should be out of the 
varieties ordered, please indicate what substitutions you 
desire. We make no substitutions except upon your 
order. Order early before stock is broken. 

8. Shipping Facilities at Sherman are Unsur- 
passed. We have 12 railroad outlets, all connecting 
directly with trunk lines, besides 2 interurban outlets and 
three express companies. 

9. Shipping Instructions. Unless directions are 
given seeds will be shipped the cheapest way — usually 
by freight. If goods are to be delivered to stations where 
there is no agent, freight must be prepaid. Include 
enough in your remittance to pay the freight to such a 
station. Any excess will be promptly refunded. 

10. Parcel Post. Where seeds are ordered sent by 
parcel post add enough to cover postage. Seeds sent 
by mail are at purchaser’s risk. 


POLICIES AND PURPOSES 

— to have top-notch seeds worth a dozen times 
their cost; to send out neat and attractive adver- 
tising matter with truthful illustrations and de- 
scriptions free from exaggeration; to be prompt; 
to be courteous; to be satisfied with fair profits; 
to be honored because we are honorable in our 
dealings ; to give every customer such a measure of 
satisfaction that he will order again and think 
enough of us to mention our service and our seeds 
to their friends. 


E = ABILITY, RELIABILITY, RESPONSIBILITY 

Es E= 

We are proud of our standing in each par- 
~ = ticular. We have been in business for many years. 

= = Our reputation and standing for ability and re- 

~ = liability as seedsmen and for responsibility in busi- 

§§ H ness is well known. 

The best assurance that we CAN and WILL 

= s give you reliable seed service is the reputation made 
= = by what we have done for others. 

Strangers may learn about us by writing any 
H = business man in Sherman, or to the mercantile 
= as agencies. 


In writing about poultry, please use separate sheet. 

Utility Poultry 

The Ferguson Seed Farms exist for a purpose. As an incident 
to its work of breeding and growing better field seeds, a number of 
families make their homes on grounds under their charge. 

These families live a real rural life and therefore are properly 
interested in poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, guineas 
and pea fowls. They also live in the atmosphere of a farm where 
the thought is not only to produce better crops, but to produce 
better kind of crops, as, for example, a better strain of cotton, corn, 
etc. 

The same trend of thought that directs their work with crops 
also leads these families to breed poultry for 

UTILITY QUALITIES 

for eggs and meat; not merely for showy feathers. Sherman is a 
center for high-bred poultry and many good breeds are represented 
here. 



We quote selected specimens from our surplus stock as follows: 

White Leghorns Barred Plymouth Rocks 


We have a few cockerels directly 
descended from a pen of hens laying 
better than 200 eggs a year. $3.00 to 
$7.00 eacb. 


A few cockerels one year removed 
from winners at several poultry 
shows. $3.00 to $4.00 eacb. 


We Are Raising 

White Holland, Bourbon Red and 
Bronze Turkeys and Black Lang- 
shang Chickens, also. Surplus stock 
very limited. 



Coifon 

Choppers 


CoffoH 

Pickers 


Plowing 
out fb<? 
CoXhetfs 


Plowing 

StubMS 


Bold of 
Barley 


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